– A Reference Guide to the Books, the Authors, and the Dates of the Old Testament

 

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

– John 1:1

A Reference Guide to the Books, the Authors, and the Dates of the Old Testament

The Protestant Old Testament (39 Books)

1) Genesis, 2) Exodus, 3) Leviticus, 4) Numbers, 5) Deuteronomy, 6) Joshua, 7) Judges, 8) Ruth, 9) 1 Samuel, 10) 2 Samuel, 11) 1 Kings, 12) 2 Kings, 13) 1 Chronicles, 14) 2 Chronicles, 15) Ezra, 16) Nehemiah, 17) Esther, 18) Job, 19) Psalms, 20) Proverbs, 21) Ecclesiastes, 22) Song of Songs, 23) Isaiah, 24) Jeremiah, 25) Lamentations, 26) Ezekiel, 27) Daniel, 28) Hosea, 29) Joel, 30) Amos, 31) Obadiah, 32) Jonah, 33) Micah, 34) Nahum, 35) Habakkuk, 36) Zephaniah, 37) Haggai, 38) Zechariah, 39) Malachi

The Catholic Old Testament (46 Books)

1) Genesis, 2) Exodus, 3) Leviticus, 4) Numbers, 5) Deuteronomy, 6) Joshua, 7) Judges, 8) Ruth, 9) 1 Samuel, 10) 2 Samuel, 11) 1 Kings, 12) 2 Kings, 13) 1 Chronicles, 14) 2 Chronicles, 15) Ezra, 16) Nehemiah, 17) Tobit, 18) Judith, 19) Esther, 20) 1 Maccabees, 21) 2 Maccabees, 22) Job, 23) Psalms, 24) Proverbs, 25) Ecclesiastes, 26) Song of Songs, 27) Wisdom, 28) Sirach, 29) Isaiah, 30) Jeremiah, 31) Lamentations, 32) Baruch, 33) Ezekiel, 34) Daniel, 35) Hosea, 36) Joel, 37) Amos, 38) Obadiah, 39) Jonah, 40) Micah, 41) Nahum, 42) Habakkuk, 43) Zephaniah, 44) Haggai, 45) Zechariah, 46) Malachi

Basic Statistics of the Old Testament

The Number of Protestant Books = 39

The Number of Catholic Books = 46

The Number of Eastern Orthodox Books = 51

The Middle book = Book of Proverbs

The Largest Book = Book of Psalms

The Smallest Book = Book of Obadiah

The Oldest Book = Book of Job (~1,000 B.C.)

The Newest Book = Book of Malachi (400 BC)

The Chapters = 929

The Middle chapter = Job 20

The Longest chapter = Psalms 119

The Verses = 23,114

The Middle verses = 2 Chronicles 20:17,18

The Shortest verse = 1 Chronicles 1:25

The Longest verse = Esther 8:9

The Words = 602,585

The Letters = 2,278,100

The Books, Authors, and Dates of the Old Testament

1. The Book of Genesis was written by the Prophet Moses in the year 1,400 B.C.

2. The Book of Exodus was written by Prophet Moses in the year 1,400 B.C.

3. The Book of Leviticus was written by Prophet Moses in 1,400 B.C.

4. The Book of Numbers was written by the Prophet Moses in 1,400 B.C.

5. The Book of Deuteronomy was written by Moses in 1,400 B.C.

6. The Book of Joshua was written by Joshua in the year 1,350 B.C.

7. The Book of Judges was written by the Prophet Samuel in the year 1,000 B.C.

8. The Book of Ruth was written by the Prophet Samuel in the year 1,000 B.C.

9. The 1st Book of Samuel  was written by the Prophet Samuel in the year 1,000 B.C.

10. The 2nd Book of Samuel  was written by the Prophet Samuel in the year 1,000 B.C.

11. The 1st Book of Kings was written by the Prophet Jeremiah in the year 600 B.C.

12. The 2nd Book of Kingswas written by the Prophet Jeremiah in the year 600 B.C.

13. The 1st Book of Chronicles was written by the Prophet Ezra in the year 450 B.C.

14. The 2nd Book of Chronicles was written by the Prophet Ezra in the year 450 B.C.

15. The Book of Ezra was written by the Prophet Ezra in the year 450 B.C.

16. The Book of Nehemiah was written by the Prophet Ezra in the year 450 B.C.

17. The Book of Esther was written by an unknown author in the year 400 B.C.

18. The Book of Job was written by Prophet Moses in 1,400 B.C.

19. The Book of Psalms was written by King David in the year 1,000 B.C.

20. The Book of Proverbs was written by King Solomon in the year 1,000 B.C.

21. The Book of Ecclesiastes was written by King Solomon in the year 1,000 B.C.

22. The Song of Solomon was written by King Solomon in the year 1,000 B.C,

23. The Book of Isaiah was written by the Prophet Isaiah in the year 700 B.C.

24. The Book of Jeremiah was written by the Prophet Jeremiah in the year 600 B.C.

25. The Book of Lamentations was written by the Prophet Jeremiah in the year 600 B.C.

26. The Book of Ezekiel was written by the Prophet Ezekiel in the year 550 B.C.

27. The Book of Daniel was written by the Prophet Daniel  in the year 550 B.C.

28. The Book of Hosea, was written by the Prophet Hosea in the year 750 B.C.

29. The Book of Joel, by was written by the Prophet Joel in the year 850 B.C.

30. The Book of Amos was written by the Prophet Amos in the year 750 B.C.

31. The Book of Obadiah was written by the Prophet Obadiah in the year 600 B.C.,

32. The Book of Jonah was written by the Prophet Jonah in the year 700 B.C.

33. The Book of Micah was written by the Prophet  Micah in the year 700 B.C.

34. The Book of Nahum was written by the Prophet Nahum in the year 700 B.C.

35. The Book of Habakkuk was written by the Prophet  Habakkuk in the year 600 B.C.

36. The Book of Zephaniah was written by the Prophet  Zephaniah in the year 650 B.C.

37. The Book of Haggai was written by the Prophet Haggai in the year 520 B.C.

38. The Book of Zechariah was written by the Prophet Zechariah in the year 500 B.C.

39. The Book of Malachi was written by the Prophet Malachi in the year 430 B.C.

40. The Book of Tobit was written by Tobit in the year 200 B.C.

41. The Book of Judith was written by an unknown author in the year 150 B.C.

42. The Book of Wisdom was written by Solomon in the year 100 B.C.

43. The Book of Sirach was written by Jesus ben Sirach in the year 200 B.C.

44. The Book of Baruch was written by Baruch in the year 150 B.C.

45. The 1st Book of the Maccabees was written by an unknown author in the year 100 B.C.

46. The 2nd Book of the Maccabees was written by an unknown author in the year 100 B.C.

The Ten Commandments of Judaism and Christianity

Official Church Lists of The Old Testament Books

(It has been decided) that besides the canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine Scripture. But the canonical Scriptures are as follows: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua the Son of Nun, Judges, Ruth, the Kings, four books, the Chronicles, two books, Job, the Psalter, the five books of Solomon, the twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, Ezra, two books, Maccabees, two books.

– Council of Hippo, canon 36 (A.D. 393)

(It has been decided) that besides the canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine Scripture. But the canonical Scriptures are as follows: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua the Son of Nun, Judges, Ruth, the Kings, four books, the Chronicles, two books, Job, the Psalter, the five books of Solomon, the twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, Ezra, two books, Maccabees, two books.

– Council of Hippo, canon 36 (A.D. 393)

(It has been decided) that nothing except the canonical Scriptures should be read in the Church under the name of the divine Scriptures. But the canonical Scriptures are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, four books of Kings, Paralipomenon, two books, Job, the Psalter of David, five books of Solomon [Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Sirach], twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, two books of Esdras, two books of the Maccabees.

– Council of Carthage III, canon 47 (A.D. 397)

The whole canon of the Scriptures, however, in which we say that consideration is to be applied, is contained in these books: the five of Moses…and one book of Joshua (Son of) Nave, one of Judges; one little book which is called Ruth…then the four of Kingdoms, and the two of Paralipomenon…(T)here are also others too, of a different order…such as Job and Tobit and Esther and Judith and the two books of Maccabees, and the two of Esdras…Then there are the Prophets, in which there is one book of the Psalms of David, and three of Solomon…But as to those two books, one of which is entitled Wisdom and the other of which is entitled Ecclesiasticus and which are called of Solomon’ because of a certain similarity to his books, it is held most certainly that they were written by Jesus Sirach. They must, however, be accounted among the prophetic books, because of the authority which is deservedly accredited to them.

– Augustine, Christian Instruction 2:8:13 (A.D. 397)

A brief addition shows what books really are received in the canon. These are the things of which you desired to be informed verbally: of Moses, five books, that is, of Genesis, of Exodus, of Leviticus, of Numbers, of Deuteronomy, and Joshua, of Judges, one book, of Kings, four books, and also Ruth, of the Prophets, sixteen books, of Solomon, five books, the Psalms. Likewise of the histories, Job, one book, of Tobit, one book, Esther, one, Judith, one, of the Maccabees, two, of Esdras, two, Paralipomenon, two books.

– Pope Innocent I, Letters 7 (A.D. 408)

(It has been decided) that besides the canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine Scripture. But the canonical Scriptures are as follows: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua the Son of Nun, Judges, Ruth, the Kings, four books, the Chronicles, two books, Job, the Psalter, the five books of Solomon, the twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, Ezra, two books, Maccabees, two books . . . Let this be sent to our brother and fellow bishop, [Pope] Boniface, and to the other bishops of those parts, that they may confirm this canon, of these are the things which we have received from our fathers to be read in church.

– The African Code, canon 24 (A.D. 419)

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The Traditional Names of the Books of the Old Testament

The 39 Traditional Names of the Protestant Old Testament

1) The Book of Genesis, 2) The Book of Exodus, 3) The Book of Leviticus, 4) Book of Numbers, 5) The Book of Deuteronomy, 6)The Book of Joshua, 7) The Book of Judges 8) The Book of Ruth, 9) The 1st Book of Samuel, 10) The 2nd Book of Samuel, 11) The 1st Book of Kings, 12) The 2nd Book of Kings, 13) The 1st Book of Chronicles, 14) The 2nd Book of Chronicles, 15) The Book of Ezra, 16) The Book of Nehemiah, 17) The Book of Esther, 18) The Book of Job, 19) The Book of Psalms, 20) The Book of Proverbs, 21) The Book of Ecclesiastes, 22) The Song of Solomon, 23) The Book of Isaiah, 24) The Book of Jeremiah, 25) The Book of Lamentations, 26) The Book of Ezekiel, 27) The Book of Daniel, 28) The Book of Hosea, 29) The Book of Joel, 30) The Book of Amos, 31) The Book of Obadiah, 32) The Book of Jonah, 33) The Book of Micah, 34) The Book of Nahum, 35) The Book of Habakkuk, 36) The Book of Zephaniah, 37) The Book of Haggai, 38) The Book of Zechariah, 39) The Book of Malachi

The 46 Traditional Names of the Catholic Old Testament

1) The Book of Genesis, 2) The Book of Exodus, 3) The Book of Leviticus, 4) Book of Numbers, 5) The Book of Deuteronomy, 6)The Book of Joshua, 7) The Book of Judges 8) The Book of Ruth, 9) The 1st Book of Samuel, 10) The 2nd Book of Samuel, 11) The 1st Book of Kings, 12) The 2nd Book of Kings, 13) The 1st Book of Chronicles, 14) The 2nd Book of Chronicles, 15) The Book of Ezra, 16) The Book of Nehemiah, 17) The Book of Tobit, 18) The Book of Esther, 20) The 1st Book of the Maccabees, 21) The 2nd Book of the Maccabees, 22) The Book of Job, 23) The Book of Psalms, 24) The Book of Proverbs, 25) The Book of Ecclesiastes, 26) The Song of Solomon, 27) The Book of Wisdom, 28) The Book of Sirach, 29) The Book of Isaiah, 30) The Book of Jeremiah, 31) The Book of Lamentations, 32) The Book of Baruch, 33) The Book of Ezekiel, 34) The Book of Daniel, 35) The Book of Hosea, 36) The Book of Joel, 37) The Book of Amos, 38) The Book of Obadiah, 39) The Book of Jonah, 40) The Book of Micah, 41) The Book of Nahum, 42) The Book of Habakkuk, 43) The Book of Zephaniah, 44) The Book of Haggai, 45) The Book of Zechariah, 46) The Book of Malachi

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Ikons of the Judeo-Christian Bible

Ikons of Judaism and the Judeo-Christian tradition

May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.

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