New Testament – The Books, the Authors, and the Dates

Bible – The New Testament in Brief

by The Judeo-Christian Tradition on Wednesday, 16 February 2011 at 17:58

 

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

 

– John 1:1

 

 

The New Testament in Brief

 

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A Brief Look at the Traditional Titles of the New Testament

1) The Gospel According to Matthew

2) The Gospel According to Mark

3) The Gospel According to Luke

4) The Gospel According to John

5) The Book of the Acts of the Apostles

6) The Letter to the Romans

7) The 1st Letter to the Corinthians

8) The 2nd Letter to the Corinthians

9) The Letter to the Galatians

10) The Letter to the Ephesians

11) The Letter to the Philippians

12) The Letter to the Colossians

13) The 1st Letter to the Thessalonians

14) The 2nd Letter to the Thessalonians

15) The 1st Letter to Timothy

16) The 2nd Letter to Timothy

17) The Letter to Titus

18) The Letter to Philemon

19) The Letter to the Hebrews

20) The Letter of James

21) The 1st Letter of Peter

22) The 2nd Letter of Peter

23) The 1st Letter of John

24) The 2nd Letter of John

25) The 3rd Letter of John

26) The Letter of Jude

27) The Book of Revelation

 

 

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A Brief Synopsis of the 8 Authors of the New Testament

1) Matthew: Gospel of Matthew

2) Mark: Gospel of Mark

3) Luke: Gospel of Luke, Book of Acts

4) John: Gospel of John, 1st Letter of John, 2nd Letter of John, 3rd Letter of John, Book of Revelation

5) James: Letter of James

6) Peter: 1st Letter of Peter, 2nd Letter of Peter

7) Jude: Letter of Jude

8) Paul: Letter to the Romans, 1st Letter to the Corinthians, 2nd Letter to the Corinthians, Letter to the Galatians, Letter to the Ephesians, Letter to the Philippians, Letter to the Colossians, 1st Letter to the Thessalonians, 2nd Letter to the Thessalonians, 1st Letter to Timothy, 2nd Letter to Timothy, Letter to Titus, Letter to Philemon

 

Rabbi Joshua with a Flock of Sheep exemplifying the Tradition of Christianity

 

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A Brief Set of Facts about the New Testament

– The New Testament is a unique set of sacred writings, divided into 27 Books, that was added to the Old Testament almost 2,000 years ago to create the Holy Bible, the primary source document for the religion called Christianity.

– Every Known sect of Christianity, including the Protestant, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox Churches accept and recognize the same 27 Books as the official version of the New Testament.

– The Canon of the New Testament, consisting of the same 27 Books listed above, has remained unchanged for nearly 2,000 years. The first official lists of these books were published at the Council of Nicea and at the Council of Carthage.

– The 27 Books of the New Testament have exactly 4 Gospels, 2 Books, and 21 Letters.

– The 4 Gospels of the New Testament include: 1) The Gospel of Matthew, 2) The Gospel of Mark, 3) The Gospel of Luke, and 4) The Gospel of John.

– The 2 Books of the New Testament are commonly known as: 1) The Book of Acts and 2) The Book of Revelation.

– The 21 Letters of the New Testament can be listed as follows:  1) The Letter to the Romans, 2) The 1st Letter to the Corinthians, 3) The 2nd Letter to the Corinthians, 4) The Letter to the Galatians, 5) The Letter to the Ephesians, 6) The Letter to the Philippians, 7) The Letter to the Colossians, 8) The 1st Letter to the Thessalonians, 9) The 2nd Letter to the Thessalonians, 10 ) The 1st Letter to Timothy, 11) The 2nd Letter to Timothy, 12) The Letter to Titus, 13) The Letter to Philemon, 14) The Letter to the Hebrews, 15) The Letter of James, 16) The 1st Letter of Peter, 17) The  2nd Letter of Peter, 18) The 1st Letter of John, 19) The 2nd Letter of John, 20) The 3rd Letter of John, and 21) The Letter to Jude.

– The New Testament is believed to have been written in the years 45 – 90 A.D. Some scholars continue to dispute this, claiming that all, or some of the Books, were written much later.

– The 27 Books of the New Testament by 8 different authors whose actual names include the following: 1) Matthew, 2) Mark, 3) Luke, 4) John, 5) Paul, 6) Peter, 7) James, and 8) Jude.

– Luke, John, and Paul are credited with writing the vast majority of the New Testament, including 20 out of 27 total Books. To be specific, Luke is the author of 2 Books (1 Gospel, 1 Book). John wrote 5 Books (1 Gospel, 1 Book, and 3 Letters), while Paul is credited with 13 Books (13 Letters).

– The author who wrote the Letter to the Hebrews has remained anonymous and completely unknown for nearly the past 2,000 years

 

The Seal of St. Peter, a New Testament Author

 

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A Brief Chronology for the 27 Books of the New Testament

1) Matthew, 2) Mark, 3) Luke, 4) John, 5) Acts, 6) Romans, 7) 1 Corinthians, 8) 2 Corinthians, 9) Galatians, 10) Ephesians, 11) Philippians, 12) Colossians, 13) 1 Thessalonians, 14) 2 Thessalonians, 15) 1 Timothy, 16) 2 Timothy, 17) Titus, 18) Philemon, 19) Hebrews, 20) James, 21) 1 Peter, 22) 2 Peter, 23) 1 John, 24) 2 John, 25) 3 John, 26) Jude,  27) Revelation

 

 

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A Brief Timeline for the Various Dates and Authors of the New Testament

45 A.D. – Letter of James (James)

50 A.D. – Gospel of Mark (Mark)

50 A.D. – Beginning of Paul’s 13 Letters (Paul)

55 A.D. – Gospel of Matthew (Matthew)

60 A.D. – Letter of Jude (Jude)

60 A.D. – 1st Letter of Peter, 2nd Peter (Peter)

60 A.D. – Gospel of Luke (Luke)

65 A.D. – Book of Acts (Luke)

65 A.D. – Letter to the Hebrews (Unknown)

70 A.D. – End of Paul’s 13 Letters (Paul)

90 A.D. – 1st Letter of John, 2nd John, 3rd John (John)

90 A.D. – Gospel of John (John)

90 A.D. – Book of Revelation (John)

 

NOTE: Paul’s 13 Letters include Romans, 1st Corinthians, 2nd Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1st Thessalonians, 2nd Thessalonians, 1st Timothy, 2nd Timothy, Titus, Philemon

 

 

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May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Peter.

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