For the LORD Almighty will care for his flock, the people of Judah, and make them like a proud horse in battle. From Judah will come the Cornerstone, from them the tent peg, from them the battle bow, from them every ruler.
– Zechariah 10:3-4
Judaism – Timeline for the Book of Genesis
He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god; for he will magnify himself above them all.
– Book of Daniel 11:37
[Roman Emperor] Caligula was especially paranoid of Jews, having many killed for no reason, and he had statues of himself placed in all synagogues. He even attempted to place a statue of himself as Zeus in the Holy of Holies in the Temple in Jerusalem. (37-41 AD)
– Gaius Caesar (Caligula), The Roman World, AncientWorlds.net
It is believed by most scholars that [Roman Emperor] Nero is the Great Beast whose number is Six hundred and Sixty Six referred to in the last Biblical book The Apocalypse. (54-68 AD)
– Top Ten Worst Roman Emperors, by Jamie Frater, Listverse.com
Sex- is a Latin prefix meaning “Six”
Thus: The measuring instrument called a Sextant got its name because its shape forms one-Sixth of a whole circle. A group of Six musicians is called a Sextet. Six babies delivered in one birth are Sextuplets
– Six (Number), Wikipedia
The word Sex probably comes from Middle English, meaning ‘section’ or ‘divide’. In Latin the word Sex means the number ‘Six’.
– What is the difference between sex and gender, by Christian Nordqvist, MedicalNewsToday.com
A Brief Sexual Summary of Three Roman Emperors
TIBERIUS (14-37 AD): While he lived on Capri, he had a huge villa built for him, Villa Jovis, the Villa of Jove (Jupiter), in which he indulged his pedophilia. He swam naked with and raped infants, toddlers and young boys…Even in his late seventies, sex with young children was one of his favorite pastimes. (Top Ten Worst Roman Emperors, by Jamie Frater, Listverse.com)
NERO (54-68 AD): Caligula’s nephew was an emperor at 16-years-old and lost his virginity to his mum…His most famous move though, was marrying his two homosexual lovers. The first, Sporus, he castrated, and married with all the usual ceremonies, including a dowry and a bridal veil. While Sporus was his wife, the second, Pythagoras, was his husband and on their wedding night Nero was heard to ‘imitate the cries and lamentations of a maiden being deflowered.’ (The A to Z of Sexual History Roman Emperors, by Cameron King, Vice.com)
ELAGABALUS (218-222 AD): Elagabalus took the throne at the ripe old age of 14, and immediately indulged his most sordid, depraved fantasies and desires. He was a man, yes, but wanted dearly to be a woman, and offered gargantuan sums of money to the physician who could turn him into one for real. Until then, he enjoyed cross-dressing, and whored himself out to common men in whorehouses throughout Rome, wearing female disguises and facial makeup….He had hundreds, perhaps thousands, of affairs with men and women while he was married to a Vestal virgin, which was a serious outrage among Romans. (Top Ten Worst Roman Emperors, by Jamie Frater, Listverse.com)
Six hundred and Thirteen precepts were communicated to Moses, three hundred and sixty-five negative precepts, corresponding to the number of solar days in the year, and two hundred and forty-eight positive precepts, corresponding to the number of parts to a man’s body.
– The Babylonian Talmud, Makkoth 23b
For most observers, 613 seems like such a strange, even random, number for anyone, let alone an entire world religion, to have held in such high regard for so long. Yet, ask any devout Jew of today how many Commandments their religion has and their answer would be no different from the Rabbis who ran the elite Jewish academies over 1,500 years previously. Back then, and as it still is now, the religion of Judaism believed in 613 Commandments and the preponderance of historical evidence seems to suggest this exact number has some extremely old roots, One could even contend the Jewish tradition of numbering their religious commandments at exactly 613 is, by any standard, a truly ancient practice that has stood the test of time, even unto this very day.
Thus are we introduced to 613, the magic number of Torah scholarship and Jewish living. Its source is the Babylonian Talmud; its importance is echoed in a vast body of scholarly literature spanning a millennium; its potential as an aid to studying and remembering Torah deserves our careful analysis.
– ‘Origin’ of 613 Commandments, by Rabbi Mendel Weinbach
The greatest proof of this particular number’s authenticity can be found in the pages of the Babylonian Talmud (Compiled 200-500 A,D.) where the 613 Commandments is mentioned at least six different times in five separate volumes of this comprehensive Jewish collection of religious doctrine (Makkoth 23b, Yebamoth 47b and 62a, Nedarim 25a, Shabbath 87a, Shebu’oth 29a). Thus, it must said the numerical tradition of precisely 613 Judaic laws, and no more or less than this, has to be at least 1,500 years old, if not far older. That’s quite a long time for a number, especially a rather large, number like 613 to have remained the same, especially when it comes to the law, which been subject to change since the dawn of civilization. Yet for Judaism, these laws are said to have come from God Himself and there seems to be little reason not to believe them.
NOTE: The following 613 Commandments of Judaism come from Sefer Hamitzvot (Book of Commandments), written by the great Jewish sage Maimonides (12th century). They are divided into 14 Books and further subdivided by different subjects. With that said, here are the 613 Commandments of Judaism, as they have been understood for many centuries:
BOOK ONE: THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE
Fundamentals of Torah:
1. To know there is a God (Ex. 20:2)
2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides Him (Ex. 20:3)
3. To know that He is one (Deut. 6:4)
4. To love Him (Deut. 6:5)
5. To fear Him (Deut. 10:20)
6. To sanctify His Name (Lev. 22:32)
7. Not to profane His Name (Lev. 22:32)
8. Not to destroy objects associated with His Name (Deut. 12:4)
9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name (Deut. 18:15)
10. Not to test the prophet unduly (Deut. 6:16)
Laws of Character
11. To emulate His ways (Deut. 28:9)
12. To cleave to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20)
13. To love Jews (Lev. 19:18)
14. To love converts (Deut. 10:19)
15. Not to hate fellow Jews (Lev. 19:17)
16. To reprove (Lev. 19:17)
17. Not to embarrass others (Lev. 19:17)
18. Not to oppress the weak (Ex. 21:22)
19. Not to speak derogatorily of others (Lev. 19:16)
20. Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18)
21. Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18)
Laws of Torah Study
22. To learn Torah (Deut. 6:7)
23. To honor those who teach and know Torah (Lev. 19:32)
Laws of Idolatry and Paganism
24. Not to inquire into idolatry (Lev. 19:4)
25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see (Num. 15:39)
26. Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:27)
27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped (Ex. 20:5)
28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God (Ex. 20:5)
29. Not to make an idol for yourself (Ex. 20:4)
30. Not to make an idol for others (Lev. 19:4)
31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes (Ex. 20:20)
32. Not to turn a city to idolatry (Ex. 23:13)
33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship (Deut. 13:17)
34. Not to rebuild it as a city (Deut. 13:17)
35. Not to derive benefit from it (Deut. 13:18)
36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worship (Deut. 13:12)
37. Not to love the missionary )Deut. 13:9)
38. Not to cease hating the missionary (Deut. 13:9)
39. Not to save the missionary (Deut. 13:9)
40. Not to say anything in his defense (Deut. 13:9)
41. Not to refrain from incriminating him (Deut. 13:9)
42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry (Deut. 13:14)
43. Not to listen to a false prophet (Deut. 13:4)
44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God (Deut. 18:20)
45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet (Deut. 18:22)
46. Not to swear in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13)
47. Not to perform ov (medium) (Lev. 19:31)
48. Not to perform yidoni (magical seer) (Lev. 19:31)
49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21)
50. Not to erect a column in a public place of worship (Deut. 16:22)
51. Not to bow down on smooth stone (Lev. 26:1)
52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard (Deut. 16:21)
53. To destroy idols and their accessories (Deut. 12:2)
54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories 9Deut. 7:26)
55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols (Deut. 7:250
56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters (Deut. 7:2)
57. Not to show favor to them (Deut. 7:2)
58. Not to let them dwell in our land (Ex. 23:330
59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing (Lev. 20:23)
60. Not to be superstitious (Lev. 19:26)
61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. (Deut. 18:10)
62. Not to engage in astrology (Lev. 19:26)
63. Not to mutter incantations (Deut. 18:11)
64. Not to attempt to contact the dead (Deut. 18:11)
65. Not to consult the ov (Deut. 18:11)
66. Not to consult the yidoni (Deut. 18:11)
67. Not to perform acts of magic (Deut. 18:10)
68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head (Lev. 19:270
69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor 9Lev. 19:27)
70. Men must not wear women’s clothing (Deut. 22:5)
71. Women must not wear men’s clothing (Deut. 22:5)
72. Not to tattoo the skin (Lev. 19:28)
73. Not to tear the skin in mourning (Deut. 14:1)
74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning (Deut. 14:1)
Laws of Repentance
75. To repent and confess wrongdoings (Num. 5:7)
BOOK TWO: THE BOOK OF LOVE OF GOD
Laws of Reading the Shema
76. To say the Shema twice daily (Deut. 6:7)
Laws of Prayer and Kohanic Blessings
77. To serve the Almighty with prayer daily (Ex. 23:25)
78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily (Num. 6:23)
Laws of Tefillin, Mezuza and Sefer Torah
79. To wear tefillin on the head (Deut. 6:8)
80. To bind tefillin on the arm (Deut. 6:8)
81. To put a mezuzah on each door post (Deut. 6:9)
82. Each male must write a Sefer Torah (Deut. 31:19)
83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself (Deut. 17:18)
Laws of Tzitzit
84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments (Num. 15:38)
Laws of Blessings
85. To bless the Almighty after eating (Deut. 8:10)
Laws of Circumcision
86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth (Lev. 12:3)
BOOK THREE: THE BOOK OF SEASONS
Laws of the Sabbath
87. To rest on the seventh day (Ex. 23:12)
88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day (Ex. 20:10)
89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3)
90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat (Ex. 16:29)
91. To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdallah (Ex. 20:8)
Laws of Eruvin (Rabbinical)
Laws of Yom Kippur Rest
92. To rest from prohibited labor (Lev. 23:32)
93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:32)
94. To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur (Lev. 16:29)
95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:29)
Laws of Festival Rest
96. To rest on the first day of Passover (Lev. 23:7)
97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)
98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)
99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)
100. To rest on Shavuot (Lev. 23:21)
101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot (Lev. 23:21)
102. To rest on Rosh Hashana (Lev. 23:24)
103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashana (Lev. 23:25)
104. To rest on Sukkot (Lev. 23:35)
105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot (Lev. 23:35)
106. To rest on Shmini Atzeret (Lev. 23:36)
107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shmini Atzeret (Lev. 23:36)
Laws of Chometz and Matzah
108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nissan (Deut. 16:3)
109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nissan (Ex. 12:15)
110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover (Ex. 13:3)
111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover (Ex. 12:20)
112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven days (Ex. 13:7)
113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven days (Ex. 12:19)
114. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover (Ex. 12:18)
115. To relate the exodus from Egypt on that night (Ex. 13:8)
Laws of Shofar, Sukkah, Lulav
116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashana) (Num. 29:1)
117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot (Lev. 23:42)
118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days (Lev. 23:40)
Laws of Shekalim
119. Each man must give a half shekel annually (Ex. 30:13)
Laws of Sanctification of Months
120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins (Ex. 12:2)
Laws of Fasts
121. To afflict and cry out before God in times of catastrophe (Num. 10:9)
Laws of Megillah and Chanukah (Rabbinical)
BOOK FOUR: THE BOOK OF WOMEN
Laws of Marriage
122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin (Deut. 22:13)
123. Not to have relations with women not thus married (Deut. 23:18)
124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and relations from your wife (Ex. 21:10)
125. To have children with one’s wife (Gen 1:28)
Laws of Divorce
126. To issue a divorce by means of a “get” document (Deut. 24:1)
127. A man must not remarry his wife after she has married someone else (Deut. 24:4)
Laws of Yivum and Chalitzah (Levirate Marriage)
128. To do yibum (marry childless brother’s widow) (Deut. 25:5)
129. To do chalitzah (freeing a widow from yibum) (Deut. 25:9)
130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (Deut. 25:5)
Laws of Women
131. The court must fine one who seduces a maiden (Ex. 22:15-16)
132. The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses) (Deut. 22:29)
133. He is not allowed to divorce her (Deut. 22:29)
134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife (Deut. 22:19)
135. He must not divorce her (Deut. 22:19)
Laws of Sotah (Suspect Wife)
136. To fulfill the laws of the Sotah (Num. 5:30)
137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (Num. 5:15)
138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (Num. 5:15)
BOOK FIVE: THE BOOK OF HOLINESS
Laws of Forbidden Relations
139. Not to have relations with your mother (Lev. 18:7)
140. Not to have relations with your father’s wife (Lev. 18:8)
141. Not to have relations with your sister (Lev. 18:9)
142. Not to have relations with your father’s wife’s daughter (Lev. 18:110
143. Not to have relations with your son’s daughter (Lev. 18:10)
144. Not to have relations with your daughter (Lev. 18:10)
145. Not to have relations with your daughter’s daughter (Lev. 18:100
146. Not to have relations with a woman and her daughter (Lev. 18:17)
147. Not to have relations with a woman and her son’s daughter (Lev. 18:17)
148. Not to have relations with a woman and her daughter’s daughter (Lev. 18:17)
149. Not to have relations with your father’s sister (Lev. 18:12)
150. Not to have relations with your mother’s sister (Lev. 18:13)
151. Not to have relations with your father’s brother’s wife (Lev. 18:14)
152. Not to have relations with your son’s wife (Lev. 18:15)
153. Not to have relations with your brother’s wife (Lev. 18:16)
154. Not to have relations with your wife’s sister (Lev. 18:18)
155. A man must not have relations with a beast (Lev. 18:23)
156. A woman must not have relations with a beast (Lev. 18:23)
157. Not to have homosexual relations (Lev. 18:22)
158. Not to have homosexual relations with your father (Lev. 18:7)
159. Not to have homosexual relations with your father’s brother (Lev. 18:14)
160. Not to have relations with a married woman (Lev. 18:20)
161. Not to have relations with a menstrually impure woman (Lev. 18:19)
162. Not to marry non-Jews (Deut. 7:3)
163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:4)
164. Don’t keep a third generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:8-9)
165. Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert (Deut. 23:8-9)
166. Not to let a mamzer marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:3)
167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:2)
168. Not to castrate any male (including animals) (Lev. 22:24)
169. The High Priest must not marry a widow (Lev. 21:14)
170. The High Priest must not have relations with a widow even outside of marriage (Lev. 21:15)
171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden (Lev. 21:13)
172. A Kohen must not marry a divorcee (Lev. 21:7)
173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who had forbidden relations) (Lev. 21:7)
174. A priest must not marry a chalalah (party to or product of 169-172) (Lev. 21:7)
175. Not to make pleasurable contact with any forbidden woman (Lev. 18:6)
Laws of Forbidden Foods
176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:2)
177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Deut. 14:11)
178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:9)
179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:21)
180. Not to eat non-kosher animals (Lev. 11:4)
181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl (Lev. 11:13)
182. Not to eat non-kosher fish (Lev. 11:11)
183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects (Deut. 14:19)
184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land (Lev. 11:41)
185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots (Lev. 11:44)
186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground (Lev. 11:42)
187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than fish (Lev. 11:43)
188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter (Deut. 14:21)
189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned (Ex. 21:28)
190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded (Ex. 22:30)
191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature (Deut 12:23)
192. Not to eat blood (Lev. 3:17)
193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals (Lev. 3:17)
194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh (Gen. 32:33)
195. Not to eat meat and milk cooked together (Ex. 23:19)
196. Not to cook meat and milk together (Ex. 34:26)
197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)
198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)
199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)
200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years (Lev. 19:23)
201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)
202. Not to eat untithed fruits (Lev. 22:15)
203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols (Deut. 32:38)
Laws of Slaughtering
204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it (Deut. 12:21)
205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day (Lev. 22:28
206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth (Lev. 17:13)
207. Not to take the mother bird from her children (Deut. 22:6)
208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest (Deut. 22:7)
BOOK SIX: THE BOOK OF OATHS
Laws of Oaths
209. Not to swear falsely in God’s Name (Lev. 19:12)
210. Not to take God’s Name in vain (Ex. 20:7)
211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you (Lev. 19:11)
212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim (Lev. 19:11)
213. To swear in God’s Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court (Deut. 10:20)
Laws of Vows
214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed (Deut. 23:24)
215. Not to break oaths or vows (Num. 30:3)
216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah (Num. 30:3)
Laws of The Nazir
217. The Nazir must let his hair grow (Num. 6:5)
218. He must not cut his hair (Num. 6:5)
219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar (Num. 6:3)
220. He must not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3)
221. He must not eat raisins (Num. 6:3)
222. He must not eat grape seeds (Num. 6:4)
223. He must not eat grape skins (Num. 6:4)
224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse ((Num. 6:6)
225. He must not come into contact with the dead (Num. 6:7)
226. He must shave after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period (Num. 6:9)
Laws of Estimated Values and Vows
227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah (Lev. 27:2)
228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals(Lev. 27:12-13)
229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses (Lev. 27:14)
230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields (Lev. 27:16)
231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) (Lev. 27:28
232. Not to sell the cherem (Lev. 27:28)
233. Not to redeem the cherem (Lev. 27:28)
BOOK SEVEN: THE BOOK OF SEEDS
Laws of Mixed Species
234. Not to plant diverse seeds together (Lev. 19:19)
235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)
236. Not to crossbreed animals (Lev. 19:19)
237. Not to work different animals together (Deut. 22:10)
238. Not to wear sha’atnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen (Deut. 22:11)
Laws of Gifts to the Poor
239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor (Lev. 19:10)
240. Not to reap that corner (Lev. 19:9)
241. To leave gleanings (Lev. 19:9)
242. Not to gather the gleanings (Lev. 19:9)
243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard (Lev. 19:10)
244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard (Lev. 19:10)
245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10)
246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10)
247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field (Deut. 24:19)
248. Not to retrieve them (Deut. 24:19)
249. To separate the tithe for the poor (Deut. 14:28)
250. To give charity (Deut. 15:8)
251. Not to withhold charity from the poor (Deut. 15:7)
252. To set aside Trumah Gedolah (tithe for the Kohen) (Deut. 18:4)
253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe (Num. 18:26)
254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order (Ex. 22:28)
255. A non-Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:10)
256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:10)
257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Trumah (Ex. 12:48)
258. An impure Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:4)
259. A chalalah must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:12)
Laws of Ma’aser
260. To set aside Ma’aser each planting year and give it to a Levite (Num. 18:24)
Laws of The Second Tithe and Fourth Year Produce
261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma’aser Sheni) (Deut. 14:22)
262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment (Deut. 26:14)
263. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni while impure (Deut. 26:14)
264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma’aser Sheni (Deut. 26:14)
265. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)
266. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)
267. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)
268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma’aser Sheni (Lev. 19:24)
269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year (Deut. 26:13)
Laws of First Fruits and other Kohanic Gifts
270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple (Ex. 23:19)
271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)
272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation (Deut. 26:5)
273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen (Num. 15:20)
274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen (Deut. 18:3)
275. To give the first sheering of sheep to a Kohen (Deut. 18:4)
276. To redeem the firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen (Num. 18:15)
277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen (Ex. 13:13)
278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it (Ex. 13:13)
Laws of The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years
279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth (Ex. 34:21)
280. Not to work the land during the seventh year (Lev. 25:4)
281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year (Lev. 25:4)
282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner (Lev. 25:5)
283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way (Lev. 25:5)
284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year (Ex. 23:11)
285. To release all loans during the seventh year (Deut. 15:2)
286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower (Deut. 15:2)
287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss (Deut. 15:9)
288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years (Lev. 25:8)
289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:10)
290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves (Lev. 25:9)
291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)
292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)
293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)
294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties (Lev. 25:24)
295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely (Lev. 25:23)
296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities (Lev. 25:29)
297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in (Deut. 18:1)
298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war (Deut. 18:1)
299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields (Num. 35:2)
300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites’ before and after the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:34)
BOOK EIGHT: THE BOOK OF SERVICE
Laws of The Temple
301. To build a Sanctuary (Ex. 25:8)
302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal (Ex. 20:22)
303. Not to climb steps to the altar (Ex. 20:23)
304. To show reverence to the Temple (Lev. 19:30)
305. To guard the Temple area (Num. 18:2)
306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded (Num. 18:5)
Laws of Temple Vessels and Employees
307. To prepare the anointing oil (Ex. 30:31)
308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32)
309. Not to anoint with anointing oil (Ex. 30:32)
310. Not to reproduce the incense formula (Ex. 30:37)
311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense (Ex. 30:9)
312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders (Num. 7:9)
313. Not to remove the staves from the ark (Ex. 25:15)
314. The Levites must work in the Temple (Num. 18:23)
315. No Levite must do another’s work of either a Kohen or a Levite (Num. 18:3)
316. To dedicate the Kohen for service (Lev. 21:8)
317. The kohanic work shifts must be equal during holidays (Deut. 18:6-8)
318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service (Ex. 28:2)
319. Not to tear the priestly garments (Ex. 28:32)
320. The breastplate must not be loosened from the Efode (Ex. 28:28)
Laws of Entering the Temple
321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated (Lev. 10:9)
322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with long hair (Lev. 10:6)
323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes (Lev. 10:6)
324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately (Lev. 16:2)
325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service (Lev. 10:7)
326. To send the impure from the Temple (Num. 5:2)
327. Impure people must not enter the Temple (Num. 5:3)
328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area (Deut. 23:11)
329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple (Lev. 22:2)
330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service (Lev. 22:7)
331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service (Ex. 30:19)
332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar (Lev. 21:23)
333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve (Lev.21:17)
334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve (Lev. 21:17
335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve (Num. 18:4)
Laws of Restrictions Concerning Sacrifices
336. To offer only unblemished animals (Lev. 22:21)
337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar (Lev. 22:20)
338. Not to slaughter it (Lev. 22:22)
339. Not to sprinkle its blood (Lev. 22:24)
340. Not to burn its fat (Lev. 22:22)
341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal (Deut. 17:1)
342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews (Lev. 22:25)
343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals (Lev. 22:21)
344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified (Deut. 12:15)
345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27)
346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog (Deut. 23:19)
347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar (Lev. 2:11)
348. To salt all sacrifices (Lev. 2:13)
349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices (Lev. 2:13)
Laws of Sacrificial Procedure
350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 1:3)
351. Not to eat its meat (Deut. 12:17)
352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering (Lev. 6:18)
353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering (Lev. 6:23
354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering (Lev. 5:8)
355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering (Lev. 7:1)
356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple (Ex. 29:33)
357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard (Deut. 12:17)
358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat (Ex. 29:33)
359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering (Lev. 7:11)
360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood (Deut. 12:17)
361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 2:1)
362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers (Lev. 5:11)
363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers (Lev. 3:11)
364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest (Lev. 6:16)
365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread (Lev. 6:10)
366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings (Lev. 6:9)
367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival (Deut. 12:5-6)
368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow (Deut. 23:22)
369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple (Deut. 12:11)
370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple (Deut. 12:26)
371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard (Lev. 17:4)
372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard (Deut. 12:13)
Laws of Constant and Additional Offerings
373. To offer two lambs every day (Num. 28:3)
374. To light a fire on the altar every day (Lev. 6:6)
375. Not to extinguish this fire (Lev. 6:6)
376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day (Lev. 6:3)
377. To burn incense every day (Ex 30:7)
378. To light the Menorah every day (Ex. 27:21)
379. The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day (Lev. 6:13)
380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat (Num 28:9)
381. To make the show bread (Ex. 25:30)
382. To bring additional offerings on the New Month (Num. 28:11)
383. To bring additional offerings on Passover (Num. 28:19)
384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat (Lev. 23:10)
385. Each man must count the Omer – seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought (Lev. 23:15)
386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot (Num. 28:26)
387. To bring two leaves to accompany the above sacrifice (Lev. 23:17)
388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana (Num. 29:2)
389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur (Num. 29:8)
390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot (Num. 29:13)
391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret (Num. 29:35)
Laws of Disqualified Offerings
392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished (Deut. 14.3)
393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions (Lev. 7:18)
394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them (Lev. 22:30)
395. Not to eat from that which was left over (Lev. 19:8)
396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure (Lev. 7:19)
397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices (Lev. 7:20)
398. To burn the leftover sacrifices (Lev. 7:17)
399. To burn all impure sacrifices (Lev. 7:19)
Laws of Yom Kippur Service
400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshat Acharei Mot (Lev. 16:3)
Laws of Misusing Sanctified Property
401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice (Lev. 5:16)
402. Not to work consecrated animals (Deut. 15:19)
403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals (Deut. 15:19)
BOOK NINE: THE BOOK OF SACRIFICES
Laws of Pascal Sacrifice
404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time (Ex. 12:6)
405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven (Ex. 23:18)
406. Not to leave the fat overnight (Ex. 23:18)
407. To slaughter the second paschal lamb (Num. 9:11)
408. To eat the paschal lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the 15th of Nissan (Ex. 12:8)
409. To eat the second paschal lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar (Num.9:11)
410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled (Ex. 12:9)
411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group (Ex. 12:46)
412. An apostate must not eat from it (Ex.12:43)
413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it (Ex. 12:45)
414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it (Ex. 12:48
415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering (Ex. 12:46)
416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering (Num. 9:12)
417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning (Ex. 12:10)
418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning (Num. 9:12)
419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th (Deut. 16:4)
Laws of Pilgrim Offerings
420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot (Deut. 16:16)
421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) (Ex. 23:14)
422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) (Deut. 16:14)
423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings (Deut. 16:16)
424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites (Deut. 12:19)
425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year (Deut. 31:12)
Laws of First Born Animals
426. To set aside the firstborn animals (Ex. 13:12)
427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)
428. Not to redeem the firstborn (Num. 18:17)
429. Separate the tithe from animals (Lev. 27:32)
430. Not to redeem the tithe (Lev. 27:33)
Laws of Offerings for Unintentional Transgressions
431. Every person must bring a sin offering for his transgression (Lev. 4:27)
432. Bring an asham talui when uncertain of guilt (Lev. 5:17-18)
433. Bring an asham vadai when guilt is ascertained (Lev. 5:25)
434. Bring an oleh v’yored offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) (Lev. 5:7-11)
435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering when it rules in error (Lev. 4:13)
Laws of Lacking Atonement
436. A woman who had a running issue must bring an offering after she goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 15:28-29)
437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering after she goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 12:6)
438. A man who had a running issue must bring an offering after he goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 15:13-14)
439. A metzora must bring an offering after going to the Mikveh (Lev. 14:10)
Laws of Substitution of Sacrifices
440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice (Lev. 27:10)
441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration (Lev. 27:10)
442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another (Lev. 27:26)
BOOK TEN: THE BOOK OF PURITY
Laws of Impurity of Human Dead
443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead (Num. 19:14)
Laws of The Red Heifer
444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Num. 19:2)
445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water (Num. 19:21)
Laws of Impurity through Tzara’at
446. Rule the laws of human tzara’at as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 13:12)
447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity (Deut. 24:8)
448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair (Lev. 13:33)
449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips (Lev. 13:45)
450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora (Lev. 14:2)
451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification (Lev. 14:9)
452. Carry out the laws of tzara’at of clothing (Lev. 13:47)
453. Carry out the laws of tzara’at of houses (Lev. 13:34)
Laws of Impurity of Reclining and Sitting
454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity (Lev. 15:19)
455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth (Lev. 12:2)
456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman’s running issue (Lev. 15:25)
457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man’s running issue (Lev. 15:3)
Laws of Other Sources of Impurity
458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast (Lev. 11:39)
459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (Lev. 11:29)
460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (Lev. 15:16)
Laws of Impurity of Food
461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods (Lev. 11:34)
Laws of Vessels (Rabbinical)
Laws of Mikveh
462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikveh to become pure (Lev. 15:16)
BOOK ELEVEN: THE BOOK OF DAMAGES
Laws of Property Damage
463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox (Ex. 21:28)
464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating (Ex. 22:4)
465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit (Ex. 21:33)
466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire (Ex. 22:5)
Laws of Theft
467. Not to steal money stealthily (Lev. 19:11)
468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief (Ex. 21:37)
469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate (Lev. 19:36)
470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights (Lev. 19:35)
471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use (Deut. 25:13)
472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone’s property (Deut. 19:14)
473. Not to kidnap (Ex. 20:13)
Laws of Robbery and Lost Objects
474. Not to rob openly (Lev. 19:13)
475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt (Lev. 19:13)
476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another’s possession (Ex. 20:14)
477. Not to desire another’s possession (Deut. 5:18)
478. Return the robbed object or its value (Lev. 5:23)
479. Not to ignore a lost object (Deut. 22:3)
480. Return the lost object (Deut. 22:1)
481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another’s property (Ex. 21:18)
Laws of Murder and Preservation of Life
482. Not to murder (Ex. 20:13)
483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer (Num. 35:31)
484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge (Num. 35:25)
485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge (Num. 35:32)
486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial (Num. 35:12)
487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:11)
488. Not to pity the pursuer (Num. 35:12)
489. Not to stand idly by if someone’s life is in danger (Lev. 19:16)
490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access (Deut. 19:3)
491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder (Deut. 21:4)
492. Not to work nor plant that river valley (Deut. 21:4)
493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property (Deut. 22:8)
494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs (Deut. 22:8)
495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) (Lev. 19:14)
496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it (Ex. 23:5)
497. Help others load their beast (Deut. 22:4)
498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) (Deut. 22:4)
BOOK TWELVE: THE BOOK OF ACQUISITION
Laws of Sales
499. Buy and sell according to Torah law (Lev. 25:14)
500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article (Lev. 25:14)
501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words (Lev. 25:17)
502. Not to cheat a sincere convert monetarily (Ex. 22:20)
503. Not to insult or harm a sincere convert with words (Ex. 22:20)
Laws of Acquisitions and Gifts (Rabbinical)
Laws of Neighbors (Rabbinical)
Laws of Agents and Partners (Rabbinical)
Laws of Slaves
504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws (Ex. 21:2)
505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold (Lev. 25:42)
506. Not to work him oppressively (Lev. 25:43)
507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively (Lev. 25:53)
508. Not to have him do menial slave labor (Lev. 25;39)
509. Give him gifts when he goes free (Deut. 15:14)
510. Not to send him away empty-handed (Deut. 15:13)
511. Redeem Jewish maidservants (Ex. 21:8)
512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant (Ex. 21:8)
513. The master must not sell his maidservant (Ex. 21:8)
514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs (Lev. 25:46)
515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to Israel (Deut. 23:16)
516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge (Deut. 23:16)
BOOK THIRTEEN: THE BOOK OF JUDGEMENTS
Laws of Hiring
517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard (Ex. 22:9)
518. Pay wages on the day they were earned (Deut. 24:15)
519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time (Lev. 19:13)
520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works (Deut. 23:25)
521. The worker must not eat while on hired time (Deut. 23:26)
522. The worker must not take more than he can eat (Deut. 23:25)
523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing (Deut. 25:4)
Laws of Borrowing and Depositing
524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower (Ex. 22:13)
525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard (Ex. 22:6)
Laws of Creditor and Debtor
526. Lend to the poor and destitute (Ex. 22:24)
527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don’t have it (Ex. 22:24)
528. Press the idolater for payment (Deut. 15:3)
529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral (Deut. 24:10)
530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed (Deut. 24:13)
531. Not to delay its return when needed (Deut. 24:12)
532. Not to demand collateral from a widow (Deut. 24:17)
533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food (Deut. 24:6)
534. Not to lend with interest (Lev.25:37)
535. Not to borrow with interest (Deut. 23:20)
536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note (Ex. 22:24)
537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest (Deut. 23:21)
Laws of Plaintiff and Defendant
538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier (Ex. 22:8)
Laws of Inheritance
539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance (Num. 27:8)
BOOK FOURTEEN: THE BOOK OF JUDGES
Laws of Sanhedrin and Punishments
540. Appoint judges (Deut. 16:18)
541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure (Deut. 1:17)
542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement (Ex. 23:2)
543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required (Ex. 23:2)
544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases (Deut. 23:2)
545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning (Deut. 22:24)
546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning (Lev. 20:14)
547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword (Ex. 21:20)
548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation (Lev. 20:10)
549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry (Deut. 21:22)
550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed (Deut.21:23)
551. Not to delay burial overnight (Deut. 21:23)
552. The court must not let the sorcerer live (Ex. 22:17)
553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer (Ex. 25:2)
554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes (Deut. 25:3)
555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence (Ex. 23:7)
556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime (Deut. 22:26)
557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial (Deut. 19:13)
558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial (Lev. 19:15)
559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial (Lev. 19:15)
560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor (Ex. 23;6)
561. A judge must not pervert justice (Lev. 19:15)
562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan (Deut. 24:17)
563. Judge righteously (Lev. 19:15)
564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment (Deut. 1:17)
565. Judges must not accept bribes (Ex. 23:8)
566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present (Ex. 23:1)
567. Not to curse judges (Ex. 22:27)
568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin (Ex. 22:27)
569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew (Lev. 19:14)
Laws of Evidence
570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court (Lev. 5:1)
571. Carefully interrogate the witness (Deut. 13:15)
572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes (Deut. 19:17)
573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness (Deut. 19:15)
574. Transgressors must not testify (Ex. 23:1)
575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify (Deut. 24:16)
576. Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13)
577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant (Deut. 19:19)
Laws of Insurgents
578. Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin (Deut. 17:11)
579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin (Deut. 17:11)
580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations (Deut. 13:1)
581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part (Deut. 13:1)
582. Not to curse your father and mother (Ex. 21:17)
583. Not to strike your father and mother (Ex. 21:15)
584. Respect your father or mother (Ex. 20:12)
585. Fear your father or mother (Lev. 19:3)
586. Not to be a rebellious son (Deut. 21:18)
Laws of Mourning
587. Mourn for relatives (Lev. 10:19)
588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative (Lev. 21:11)
589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse (Lev. 21:11)
590. A Kohen must not defile himself for anyone except relatives (Lev. 21:1)
Laws of Kings and their Wars
591. Appoint a king from Israel (Deut. 17:15)
592. Not to appoint a convert (Deut. 17:15)
593. The king must not have too many wives (Deut. 17:17)
594. The king must not have too many horses (Deut. 17:16)
595. The king must not have too much silver and gold (Deut. 17:17)
596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations (Deut. 20:17)
597. Not to let any of them remain alive (Deut. 20:16)
598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek (Deut. 25:19)
599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people (Deut. 25:17)
600. Not to forget Amalek’s atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert (Deut. 25:19)
601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt (Deut. 17:16)
602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms (Deut. 20:10)
603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them (Deut. 23:7)
604. Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege (Deut. 20:19)
605. Prepare latrines outside the camps (Deut. 23:13)
606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with (Deut. 23:14)
607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war (Deut. 20:2)
608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions (Deut. 24:5)
609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military (Deut. 24:5)
610. Not to panic and retreat during battle (Deut. 20:3)
611. Keep the laws of the captive woman (Deut. 21:11)
612. Not to sell her into slavery (Deut. 21:14)
613. Not to retain her for servitude after having relations with her (Deut. 21:14)
NOTE: Some words and phrases cited in the above 613 Commandments were carefully altered and edited by Judas Maccabaeus, the author of this post and publisher of this blog- the Judeo/Christian Tradition. This was done simply to make the English more readable and understandable by the general audience. Even so, the basic meaning of every Commandment that has been edited or re-written remains the same.
We have been commanded Six hundred and Thirteen commandments: ‘Your people shall be my people’. We are forbidden idolatry: ‘And your God my God’.
– The Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 47b
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
– The Gospel According to Saint John 1:1
The Judeo/Christian Ten Commandments
I. You will not worship any other god except the LORD (יהוה)
II. You will not use the name of the LORD in vain.
III. You will not defile the Sabbath day, but keep it holy.
IV. You will not dishonor your father or your mother.
V. You will not kill.
VI. You will not commit adultery.
VII. You will not steal.
VIII. You will not lie.
IX. You will not envy another man’s wife.
X. You will not envy another man’s property.
The Ten Commandments are not multiple choice…
– Anonymous (1900-2000 A.D.)
The Religion of Christianity and the Commandments
If you want to enter life, keep the Commandments…You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.
– Matthew 19:17-19
You know the Commandments: ‘You shall not murder, you shall not commit adultery, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, you shall not defraud, honor your father and mother.’
– Mark 10:18-19
You know the Commandments: ‘You shall not commit adultery, you shall not murder, you shall not steal, you shall not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.’
– Luke 18:19-21
Sometime during the Maccabean period (the second century BC), the letters of the alphabet began to represent numbers, such as the first ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet began to signify numbers one through ten, as seen in the presentation of the Ten Commandments.
– THE ALPHABET OF BIBLICAL HEBREW, Biblescripture.net
The Ten Commandments and the Hebrew Alphabet
– Starting from the top, then down to the bottom, these 10 strange-looking symbols listed above alongside Latin numerals (1 – 10) also happen to be the first 10 letters in the official Hebrew alphabet. This is no mere coincidence.
– When written in English, the words for the first 10 Hebrew letters are spelled as follows- Aleph, Beth, Gimel, Dalet, Hey, Vav, Zayin, Het, Tet, and Yod.
– According to ancient Jewish legend, the first letter in the Hebrew alphabet, called ‘Aleph’, was also chosen by God to be the first letter of the Ten Commandments.due to its humble acceptance of God’s wisdom and authority.
– Rabbi Mendel Torum has claimed that, even though ‘Aleph’, the first letter of the entire Ten Commandments, has a completely silent pronunciation, every Israelite gathered around the foot of Mt. Sinai, clearly heard it anyway because it had been spoken by God Himself.
– In the esoteric discipline called Gematria, which is considered a somewhat more respectable form of Numerology, these 10 letters specifically correspond to the mathematical numbers one (1) through ten (10) and have been arranged in perfect chronological order as can be seen in both Exodus and Deuteronomy.
– Quite a few Rabbis, as well as some other Jewish religious authorities, have pointed out the incredibly powerful influence these 10 letters have exerted upon the entire Hebrew language, including both the written and spoken words of literally every Biblical prophet who came after Moses.
– In the modern era, numerous pieces of specialized Jewish art, jewelry, and other collectibles, will often use this 10-letter version of the Ten Commandments.
– More than a few synagogues, especially in the United States, have decorations which depict the 10-letter form of the Ten Commandments.
– In a ruling entitled ‘Ke’mo Ha-shachar'(Ayin 23), the Orthodox rabbinical authorities banned any display of the Ten Commandment tablets including those which ‘show the first ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet.’
10 Hebrew Letters = 10 Commandments References
A popular image of…the Ten Commandments are represented by the first ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet, which in Hebrew usage may be used interchangeably with the numbers 1-10.
– Tablets of Stone, Wikipedia
The relation between position and meaning is easily discerned for the first ten letters since they are linked with fundamental Biblical sequences like the Ten Commandments, the Seven Days of Creation, and the Seven Seals of Revelation.
– The Divine Design of the Hebrew Alphabet (Bible Wheel Book, Ch. 7), Biblewheel.com
Many synagogues continue to have the image of the Ten Commandments prominently displayed, and many Judaica websites that sell Torah covers feature a design with the commandments sewn on, usually represented by the first 10 letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
– Putting the Ten Commandments on display, by Edmon J. Rodman, Jewish Telegraph Agency, Jta.org
An old U.S.Air Force-issued prayer shawl (tallit)…shows the old symbol for military Jewish chaplains (two tablets of the Ten Commandments, using Roman numerals to indicate the commandments), stopped by a six-pointed Star of David. The modern version of the Jewish Chaplain symbol replaces the Roman numerals with the first ten letters of the Hebrew alphabet.
– USAF Jewish Chaplain prayer shawl, Wikipedia
The Tree of the Sephiroth may be considered an invaluable compendium of the secret philosophy which originally was the spirit and soul of Chasidism…The Sephirothic Tree consists of ten globes of luminous splendor arranged in three vertical columns and connected by 22 channels or paths. The ten globes are called the Sephiroth and to them are assigned the numbers 1 to 10. The mediæval Qabbalists also assigned one of the Ten Commandments and a tenth part of the Lord’s Prayer in sequential order to each of the ten Sephiroth.
– The Tree of the Sephiroth,. by Manly P. Hall (1928), Sacred-texts.com
May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.
I’d say, probably, intellectually I’ve drawn as much from Judaism as any other faith.
– President Barack Obama
QUESTION #2) Would an actual Muslim believer in Allah every say Judaism was one of his major intellectual influence???
The answer to all of the above questions is because Barack Obama is black. Literally every single person who calls Obama a Muslim is white, and most probably racist, yet not completely racist. Thus, they are too cowardly to say the ‘N’ word (the racist derivative of Negro) out loud or in public, so now they say the ‘M’ word (Muslim, an adherent to Islam) instead, thereby getting away with their ignorant, bigoted, hate-mongering yet again.
Our law is by definition a codification of morality, much of it grounded in the Judeo/Christian Tradition.
– Barack Obama
NOTE: One must acknowledge that President Obama uses the word Judeo (meaning Judaism) and Christian (meaning Christianity), just as he specifically leaves out the word ‘Muslim’ and/or ‘Islamic’. This doesn’t sound like something a Muslim would ever say or believe.
In many ways, the election of a black man, Barack Obama, as the most powerful leader in the world indicates that the Judeo/Christian doctrine of universal brotherhood has finally managed to emerge triumphant after a very scary, and completely evil previous century that threatened the very foundations of Christianity. At the same time, a great many of Obama’s public statements have been infused with the inspirational and moral certainty that originates with his faith in Christianity.
Unfortunately, there appears to be a substantial percentage of citizens that truly despise this happy-go lucky, modest, and very normal young American black man. It is true that their diabolical power and influence continues to diminish year after year as more and more black and white Americans fall in love, get married and then have children. Even so, they have still managed to greatly confuse many God-fearing Americans, especially white, Protestant Christians, about Obama’s religious faith and beliefs. This sordid affair all began when Obama, an unknown Senator from Chicago, emerged as victor of the Democratic party primaries and was then chosen as the Democratic candidate for President. Almost immediately, vicious rumors of him being a secret Muslim believer began circulating. As one reporter wrote:
Of the many rumors that have dogged President Barack Obama the most persistent one has been the “question” of his faith….The question is why has this rumor proven to be so tenacious and who is behind its propagation.
Sad as it is, the American media, including some of its most prominent newspapers and television, spent literally months publishing absolutely fictitious news reports and articles about Obama’s possible Muslim faith, broadcasting this vile falsehood to millions upon millions of American viewers and listeners.
I’d say, probably, intellectually I’ve drawn as much from Judaism as any other faith.
– President Barack Obama
QUESTION #2) If the President was really a Muslim why would he ever point to Judaism as one of his major intellectual influences???
Most of the reporters and journalist responsible for propagating this white-racist inspired defamation of President Obama have yet to apologize or to even acknowledge their mistake. The President, obviously comfortable in his Christian faith, has responded to these outrageous, and deeply paranoid, beliefs with calm nobility. As one news source summarizes:
The President in his usual Spock-like calm recently addressed the mistaken beliefs (that he is a Muslim)…on “NBC Nightly News” blaming the “confusion” over his religious beliefs on “a network of misinformation that a new media era can get churned out there constantly.”
As it turns out, the original source of this rumor may well have been partially fueled by Republican political operatives (and possibly white racists) who were vehemently opposed to having Obama, a black man, as President of the United States. As one journalist puts it:
Labeling the President a Muslim also shows the racism and xenophobia of the Right. The Right has constantly attempted to make Obama appear to be strange and foreign; they have constantly attempted to make the aura around him appear to be dark and dangerous simply. They have done this simply because he is Black. He’s the Antichrist, a Muslim, the “other,”…because he is not White….This is why (there are)…questions about his religion.
Indeed, it may well be the ugly specter of white racism behind one of the greatest lies ever told in American politics- that Barack Obama is actually a anti-Christian Muslim believer, and a secret follower of the Prophet Mohammad. Here are the actual statistics from three independent news sources:
+ A Pew Research poll in August (2010) revealed ‘that one in five Americans falsely believe the president is a Muslim, more than thought so last year’.
+ In a poll by Newsweek, 12 percent of voters incorrectly believe he’s Muslim; more than a quarter believe he was raised in a Muslim home.
+ A Time Magazine poll found that 24 percent of Americans believe Obama is a Muslim, rather than a Christian.
Given the highly-advanced, and extremely powerful, nation of today’s America, It is somewhat frightening how many of its adult citizens who vote can continue to believe in a total lie for years after it has been proven wrong beyond any shadow of a doubt. Tragically, this completely incorrect and easily verifiable falsehood continues to haunt a President who is just as Christian as George W. Bush, more Christian than Bill Clinton, and far more Christian than either George F. W. Bush or Ronald Reagan ever were. In fact, Barack Obama’s continued public display of Christian faith, especially his habits of quoting the Bible and frequently referring to Jesus Christ by name, is living proof that he truly is a Christian President. Here are just a few selected quotes form his public speeches:
As somebody who relies heavily on my Christian faith in my job, I understand the passions that religious faith can raise.
– President Barack Obama
(The story of Jesus’ birth) that we are called to love each other as we love ourselves, that we are our brother’s keeper and our sister’s keeper, and our destinies are linked…It’s a message that guides my Christian faith.
– President Barack Obama
(We can) see God in other people and do our best to help them find their, you know, their own grace…So that’s what I strive to do…That’s what I pray to do everyday. I think my public service is part of that effort to express my Christian faith.
– President Barack Obama
I found myself drawn – not just to work with the church but to be in the church…It was through this service that I was brought to Christ.
– President Barack Obama, University of Notre Dame, May 17 2010
The fact of the matter is that, regardless of Barack Obama’s politics, some of which are in opposition to traditional Christian doctrines, he is still an authentic, genuine Christian believer who has been properly baptized by an ordained Christian minister and managed to attend Christian Sabbath on a weekly basis for over 20 years before running for President. In reality, Obama’s Christianity is undeniable and, in the end, sincere and factual.
A Simple Answer to 5 Questions
QUESTION #1) If Obama was really a Muslim, why would a Jewish journalist ever write an entire essay calling him ‘the first Jewish President’???
QUESTION #2) If the President was really a Muslim why would he ever point to Judaism as one of his major intellectual influences???
QUESTION #3) Would an actual Muslim believer ever pray at the Western Wall????
QUESTION #4) Would a loyal Islamic follower of the Prophet Mohammad ever celebrate Hanukkah???
QUESTION #5) Instead of accusing Obama of being Muslim, how come no one ever suspects him of being a secret Jew???
THE ANSWER TO QUESTION #1, #2, #3, #4, and #5) Because literally every single person who calls Obama a Muslim is white, and most likely a racist, yet not completely racist. Thus, they remain too cowardly to say the ‘N’ word (the racist derivative of Negro) out loud or in public and have resorted to deceptively using the ‘M’ word (Muslim, an adherent to Islam) instead- thereby getting away with their ignorant, bigoted, hate-mongering yet again.
He descended into Hell….
– Nicene Creed (451 A.D.)
+ Jesus Christ Really, Really Did Descend into Hell +
There came a man, whose appearance was that of a thief, carrying a cross upon his shoulder, shouting from the outside of the door of Hell, saying: ‘Open up so that I may come in.’ And Satan, opening up to him a little, brought the man inside into his dwelling, and again shut the door behind him. And all the Saints saw him most clearly and said to him: ‘Your appearance is that of a robber. Tell us what it is that you carry on your back.’ The answered with humility: ‘Truly I was a thief in all ways; but the Jews hung me up on a cross, along with my Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father most high. I have now come proclaiming Him. He indeed is coming right behind me.’
– Gospel of Nicodemus
Near the end of every Sunday Mass, Roman Catholics join together to recite the exact words of what’s been called either the Nicene Creed, or the extremely similar Apostles’ Creed. They have been during this for nearly 1,700 years. Many other Christian sects do the same. One of the more frightening verses concerning Jesus in this age-old Creed states quite bluntly: ‘He descended into Hell.’ Over the centuries, many believers have probably wondered what exactly does this really mean. Did Jesus Christ really descend into Hell? What happened when He was down there? How did He manage to escape? Why did He even need to go to such a terrible place?
The answers to all these questions can be found in the oft-neglected Christian doctrine known as the Harrowing of Hell. As the basic story-line goes, the LORD Jesus Christ died on the Cross only to find Himself leading an entire army of Angels down the treacherous slopes of Hell. After travelling further and further down into the darkness of this wicked kingdom, both He and his Angelic forces finally came to the heavily-guarded fortress where the self-appointed ruler of the dead, a Pagan god called Hades, resided. While Jesus laid seige to this foul fortress, the ancient serpent known as Satan, the Devil found himself trying to reassure the Pagan ruler of this dark kingdom that there was nothing to fear.
Shortly after their initial assault, the Divine expedition led by Christ finally manages to tear down and smash the Gates of Hell into a thousand pieces. The LORD Jesus then charges through the wreckage in order to capture and subdue two of the most evil beings ever known, namely the Pagan god of the dead Hades and his diabolical side-kick Satan. Here are the essential details of this epic battle which immediately followed the death of Jesus Christ on the Cross:
+ The Shattering of the Gates of Hell: And, behold, suddenly Hades trembled, and the gates of Heall and its bolts were shattered. The iron bars were broken and fell to the ground, and everything was laid open. And Satan remained in the midst, and stood confounded and downcast, bound with fetters on his feet. (Gospel of Nicodemus 8)
+ The Defeat of Satan: The Lord Jesus Christ…carrying a chain in His hand, bound Satan by the neck, tying his hands behind him. He then cast Satan into Hell, and placed His holy foot on his throat, saying: ‘Through all ages you have done many evils; you have not rested. Today I condemn you to everlasting fire.’ (Gospel of Nicodemus 8)
+ The Damnation of Hades: The Hades was suddenly summoned and Jesus commanded him saying: ‘Take this most wicked and impious one, and keep him even unto that day in which I shall command you.’ And so Hades, as soon as he received Satan, was plunged under the feet of the Lord…into the depth of the abyss. (Gospel of Nicodemus 8)
+ The Conquest of the Underworld: Then the Savior, inquiring thoroughly about all, seized the underground kingdom of Hades, immediately threw some down into Hell, and led some with Him to Heaven…And the Lord set His cross in the midst of Hades, which is the sign of victory, and which will remain unto eternity. (Gospel of Nicodemus 9-10)
+ The Ascent into Heaven: Then we all went forth to Heaven along with the Lord, leaving Satan and Hades in Hell. (Gospel of Nicodemus 10)
After eventually coming face to face with Hell’s somewhat surprised and frightened ruler godKing Hades, Jesus Christ presses on to attack His traditional age-old foe the Devil named Satan. When they finally meet, Jesus quickly binds the adversary with a chain He had benn carrying with Him, then tosses His ancient enemy down onto the ground on his back. Having been subdued beneath the mighty feet of Christ, Satan ends up being cast even further down into the burning depths of Tartarus. This particular abode also happens to be the lowest level of Hell set aside for its most dangerous inhabitants- a fitting end for Satan. After having thoroughly defeating Satan, Jesus summons King Hades to appear before Him once again. He then orders this so-called Greco-Roman deity to take charge over his evil companion Satan as they are both officially banished into eternal exile- on a journey down into a bottomless pit of eternal damnation.
Finally, Jesus Christ proceeds to cast judgment upon all the countless number of Hell’s deceased inhabitants, condemning some and redeeming many others until a perfect and eternal justice has been achieved. Whether this took a day, or a thousand years, is a question mere mortals have yet to answer. Making sure to gather together all of His fellow Saints and Angels, the only Son of God finally decides to leave a Sign of the Cross behind as both a monument to His Divine love and mercy, and as a warning to any stray forces of darkness, still haunting the depths of the Underworld. Jesus Christ then leaves this dark, foreboding world of the dead and ascends upwards into Heaven where He has been destined to rule for all eternity.
Herein lies the story of what really happened to Jesus the very moment after giving up the ghost during His crucifixion at Golgotha, just outside of Jerusalem. Indeed, it must be stated loudly and clearly that Jesus Christ really did die and really did descend into Hell nearly 2,000 years ago, thus achieving the eternal salvation of all mankind, One can sympathize with the fact this ancient Christian tale may leave some readers wishing, hoping, waiting for more or expecting it to contain additional drama and excitement. Suffice it to say that, even though the story of Christ’s descent into Hell may seem too simple, like a child’s fairy tale or nursery rhyme, for God-fearing Christians it remains the truest story ever told.
The Days of No Interest
The success of ancient Israel, and especially the financial success of the Jewish people, was indeed due to the their own religious laws regarding money, especially when it came to debts and loans. As the Torah clearly indicates, Israel was set up to be a banking nation from its very inception. As Moses predicted:
You will lend to many nations but will borrow from none.
– Deuteronomy 28:12
As the law clearly stated, Israel usually obeyed it and from the time of King David and Solomon onward were renowned throughout the world for their business and financial skills and success. For a long time after, the financial and monetary system of Israel, then Judea, gave the Jews quite a bit of wealth and power along the way. The following prophecy seemed to be fulfilling itself without any real difficulties.
For the LORD your God will bless you as He has promised you, and you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow; and you will rule over many nations, but they will not rule over you.
– Deuteronomy 15:6
This commercial success was interrupted by the Babylonian captivity, when Jerusalem was conquered by the Babylonian Empire and its Temple looted for all its gold and silver. Nevertheless, this exile proved temporary and even though the Jews never really regained their political independence again, their financial and commercial freedoms proved to be more than enough to allow for the practice of Judaism and for the prosperity of the Jewish people. One of the keys to their success was a simple rule, one could charge interest to foreigners, but never to their fellow Jews. As the Torah stated:
You may charge interest on what you lend to foreigners, but not on what you lend to Israelites. Obey this rule, and the LORD your God will bless everything you do.
– Deuteronomy 23:20
This religious tradition of not charging any interest to any fellow Jews kept a fair amount of economic equality among the Jewish people both in Israel and abroad in foreign countries. The Bible also established a system of debt relief every seven years, where all debts, especially debts on real estate, were canceled every seventh year regardless of the lender’s financial interests. As Moses stated in the Torah:
Do not refuse to lend them something, just because the year when debts are canceled is near. Do not let such an evil thought enter your mind. If you refuse to make the loan, they will cry out to the LORD against you, and you will be held guilty.
– Deuteronomy 15:9
One should keep in mind that the ancient laws of the Torah did not allow for any military expansion or conquest outside of the Divinely-ordained borders of Israel, but this did not stop the Jews from becoming extremely successful international businessmen who established large Jewish settlements and commercial colonies in Babylon, Egypt, Persia, and then eventually throughout the Greco-Roman Empire. The Jewish desire for mercy and justice for its own people, as commanded by the Bible and its one, true God caused the following general rule to be applied:
Be generous to these poor people, and freely lend them as much as they need. Never be hard-hearted and tight-fisted with them.
– Deuteronomy 15:8
The Biblical Ban on Interest
For those modern Judeo-Christian believers who remain in denial when it comes to the clear, and repeated condemnations of usury found throughout Scriptures, it should be remembered that the system was never perfect, or perfectly fair. Regardless, today’s total acceptance of the taking of interest on loans and debts should be tempered with a firm knowledge that the modern world is far from the Hebrew financial traditions of yesteryear. In reality, usury is against the laws of God and today’s believers still need to know this, rather than slipping away into some sort of anti-religious socialist ideals of the recent past. Here is a summary of the relevant Biblical passages when it comes to charging interest:
If you lend money to any of my people who are poor, do not act like a moneylender and require him to pay interest.
– Exodus 22:25
Do not make them pay interest on the money you lend them.
– Leviticus 25:37
When you lend money or food or anything else to Israelites, do not charge them interest.
– Deuteronomy 23:19
My brothers, my servants, and I are lending money and grain to the poor, but we must stop charging them interest.
– Nehemiah 5:10
[He] who lends money to the poor without interest; who does not accept a bribe against the innocent. Whoever does these things will never be shaken.
– Psalm 15:5
He lends money on interest and takes increase; will he live? He will not live! He has committed all these abominations. He will surely be put to death; his blood will be on his own head.
– Ezekiel 18:13
According the the Jewish prophets, the perfect, righteous man was one who, regardless of wealth or prestige, remained staunch in their refusal to practice usury of any kind, even to the smallest degree. Honesty, integrity, holiness, and the ban on the taking of interest, went together just as Moses, indeed, just as God Himself, had originally commanded. Two separate passages of Ezekiel sums this attitude up:
He doesn’t lend money for profit. He refuses to do evil and gives an honest decision in any dispute.
– Ezekiel 18:8
He refuses to do evil and doesn’t lend money for profit. He keeps my laws and obeys my commands.
– Ezekiel 18:17
Sound business advice includes the imperative to avoid poverty at all costs and to never be a borrower, but always a lender. As Solomon intoned, in the Book of Proverbs, ‘Poor people are slaves of the rich. Borrow money and you are the lender’s slave.’ (Proverbs 22:7) Also, one needed to be wary of those who might have the power to refuse to pay back any loans. This makes sense because many lenders would not ever pay back their loans, if they could actually get away with it without any penalties. This is the way of the world and lenders would be wise to heed this advice. The Bible writes as follows:
He will…bless all your work, so that you will lend to many nations, but you will not have to borrow from any.
– Deuteronomy 28:12
You should not lend anything to someone more powerful than you. If you do, you might as well consider it lost.
– Sirach 8:12
The people of Israel were repeatedly commanded by God to remain obedient to His laws and to be wary of any nation which was more financially powerful and who might even try lending money to Israel. As the LORD God warns advisedly, ‘They will have money to lend you, but you will have none to lend them. In the end they will be your rulers.’ (Deuteronomy 28:44) If one is absolutely forced to borrow any money at all, the following rule should be applied:
When you are in debt, pay it back as soon as you can.
– Sirach 29:1-2
The Old Testament also warns against being greedy when it comes to the collection of collateral on any loan. Lenders are advised to be less cautious and to trust that those who borrow money will, in fact, pay it back. The general idea is for those with money to not be so quick to demand collateral and to accept less, all the while giving more to others. The Bible reads:
When you lend someone something, you are not to take as security his millstones used for grinding his grain. This would take away the family’s means of preparing food to stay alive.
– Deuteronomy 24:6
When you lend someone something, do not go into his house to get the garment he is going to give you as security.
– Deuteronomy 24:10
In several different places, the Bible advises those who have the money to freely lend it out to those who need it. The Gospels state: ‘When someone wants to borrow something, lend it to him.’ (Matthew 5:42) This includes friends, neighbors, and the poor. Scriptures also promises those who lend without interest that the LORD God Himself will reward them for their good deeds. The reward for their generosity will not only come in this life, but also in the next. Besides, lending at no interest is something the LORD God wants his followers to do. The pertinent passages can be read as follows:
Be kind enough to lend to your neighbor when he needs help. You are keeping the LORD’s commands if you help him. If he needs something, lend it to him.
– Sirach 29:1-2
Good will come to those who are generous and lend freely, who conduct their affairs with justice.
– Psalm 112:5
Whoever is kind to the poor lends to the LORD, and He will reward them for what they have done.
– Proverbs 19:17
When you give to the poor, it is like lending to the LORD, and the LORD will pay you back.
– Proverbs 19:17
In terms of freely lending to those in need at no interest, Jesus Christ goes even further. He recommends to lenders that they should give their money out to people who may never pay it back, This practice of basically giving money away for free should be done in order to ensure a blessing from the LORD God. This is because even the wicked will lend at no interest in order to secure some form of future gain if possible. Jesus Christ advised the following:
Do good and lend, expecting nothing in return and your reward will be great.
– Luke 6:35
The End of Usury?
Unlike the Pagan nations, and their laws, the Jews continued in their tradition of refusing to charge interest on loans, at least amongst themselves, long after the Second Temple of Jerusalem had fallen to the Roman military, scattering the remaining Jews throughout the Empire. The general rules, as stated in the Babylonian Talmud, were as follows:
The general principle of usury is: All payment for waiting for one’s money is forbidden.
– Babylonian Talmud, Nezikin I, Baba Mezi’a 63b
Lenders on interest are compared to shedders of blood.
– Babylonian Talmud, Kodashim III, Temurah 6b
After the religion of Christianity managed to take over the Pagan traditions of the Greco-Roman economic system both slavery and usury were abolished due to the growing influence of the Christian Churches who saw themselves as the New Israel where all men were brothers in Christ and equal before God. Like the religious authorities of ancient Israel had done many centuries before, the Church hierarchy soon banned the taking of interest throughout Christendom. The policy of Jesus Christ was just like that of Moses when it came to the practice of usury:
If you lend only to those from whom you hope to get it back, why should you receive a blessing? Even sinners lend to sinners to get back the same amount!
– Luke 6:34
After awhile, Jews were allowed to lend money to Christians at interest for purposes of economic necessity. Eventually, the Church lost control over the financial laws of the various Christian kingdoms and the taking of interest, a distinctly Pagan, anti-Jewish, anti-Christian practice, was again legal throughout the Western world of Christianity. This may not have been a good thing, or the only way to modern prosperity. Perhaps someday, mankind will recognize the sheer genius and inherent goodness of the Biblical laws which prohibited usury among fellow religious believers. Indeed, it may still be a possibility to have a capitalistic system not based upon money and interest, but re-established upon the ancient laws of the one, true God once again.
Fear God and keep His Commandments for this is the whole duty of man.
– Ecclesiastes 12:13
The Good News about Barack Obama, an American Christian President
The following quotes from Christian President Barack Obama were taken during an interview conducted by Cathleen Falsani, a Chicago Sun-Times reporter, in 2004 when the possibility of him being elected President four years later would have been unthinkable. In the interview, Barack Obama’s public honesty towards his Christian faith was far more pronounced than today in the year 2011. This is mainly because the Republican opposition’s mockery and ridicule of his authentic and learned form of Christian faith has paid off with the American voters, many of whom are so delusional that they ignorantly believe him to be the anti-Christ and/or a secret Muslim lying about his Christian faith. Those who even pay attention to such an absurd, baseless claim need a serious reality check. For example, no true Muslim believer would ever dare to say something even remotely similar to the following quote:
And I’d say, probably, intellectually I’ve drawn as much from Judaism as any other faith.
– President Barack Obama
As the following excerpts will show, this pre-Presidential interview goes far in proving that President Obama’s adherence to Christianity is very informed and directly based upon the teachings of Rabbi joshua (Jesus) as recorded in the Gospels. Here is a direct comparison of Barack Obama’s actual remarks and the relevant New Testament passage which clearly shows his authentic Christian faith to be just as rooted in Scriptures as any Republican believer, including ex-President George W. Bush. These comparisons also suggest that the ugly, vile attacks and brutal questioning of his religious beliefs since he became President has very little to do with the Bible and is most likely a subtle form of white racism in disguise.
THE OBAMA: (In Chicago’s) South Side working class and lower income communities…it was in those places where I think what had been more of an intellectual view of religion deepened…I became much more familiar with the ongoing tradition of the historic black church and it’s importance in the community. And the power of that culture to give people strength in very difficult circumstances, and the power of that church to give people courage against great odds. And it moved me deeply.
THE GOSPELS: Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven….Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied…Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great. (Matthew 5:4-12)
THE OBAMA: But my mother was deeply spiritual person…her view always was that underlying these religions were a common set of beliefs about how you treat other people and how you aspire to act, not just for yourself but also for the greater good.
THE GOSPELS: In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.(Matthew 7:12)
Jesus Christ is the LORD. I believe in that.
– President Barack Obama, September 26, 2011
THE OBAMA: I probably didn’t get started getting active in church activities until I moved to Chicago…one of the churches that I became involved in was Trinity United Church of Christ. And the pastor there, Jeremiah Wright, became a good friend. So I joined that church and committed myself to Christ in that church. It was a daytime service, during a daytime service. And it was a powerful moment. Because, it was powerful for me because it not only confirmed my faith, it not only gave shape to my faith, but I think, also, allowed me to connect the work I had been pursuing with my faith.
THE GOSPELS: Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John…Jesus replied, ‘Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.’ Then John consented. As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, ‘This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.’ (Matthew 3:13-17)
THE OBAMA: I am a Christian. So, I have a deep faith. So I draw from the Christian faith. So, I’m rooted in the Christian tradition.
THE GOSPELS: “Have faith in God,” Jesus answered. “Truly I tell you, if anyone says to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and does not doubt in their heart but believes that what they say will happen, it will be done for them.” (Mark 11:22-23)
THE OBAMA: There are values that transcend race or culture, that move us forward, and there’s an obligation for all of us individually as well as collectively to take responsibility to make those values lived.
THE GOSPELS: Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, and teach them to obey everything I have commanded. And I will be with you always, to the end of the age. (Matthew 28:18-20)
I am a Christian by choice…I came to MY CHRISTIAN FAITH later in life, and it was because the precepts of Jesus Christ spoke to me in terms of the kind of life that would want to lead.
– President Barack Obama (2008-2011)
THE OBAMA: I retain from my childhood and my experiences growing up a suspicion of dogma. And I’m not somebody who is always comfortable with language that implies I’ve got a monopoly on the truth, or that my faith is automatically transferable to others.
THE GOSPELS: Calling them to Himself, Jesus said to them, ‘You know that those who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them; and their great men exercise authority over them. But it is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant.’ (Mark 10:42-43)
THE OBAMA: I’m a big believer in tolerance. I think that religion at it’s best comes with a big dose of doubt. I’m suspicious of too much certainty in the pursuit of understanding just because I think people are limited in their understanding.
THE GOSPELS: (Jesus) said, “Woe to you lawyers as well! For you weigh men down with burdens hard to bear, while you yourselves will not even touch the burdens with one of your fingers.’ (Luke 11:46)
THE OBAMA: I think that, particularly as somebody who’s now in the public realm and is a student of what brings people together and what drives them apart, there’s an enormous amount of damage done around the world in the name of religion and certainty.
THE GOSPEL: Again I say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask, it shall be done for them by My Father who is in Heaven. For where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst. (Matthew 18:19-20)
THE OBAMA: Jesus is an historical figure for me, and he’s also a bridge between God and man, in the Christian faith, and one that I think is powerful precisely because he serves as that means of us reaching something higher.
THE GOSPELS: Jesus answered, ‘I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.’ (John 14:6)
THE OBAMA: And he’s also a wonderful teacher. I think it’s important for all of us, of whatever faith, to have teachers in the flesh and also teachers in history.
THE GOSPELS: The student is not above the teacher, nor a servant above his master. It is enough for students to be like their teachers, and servants like their masters. (Matthew 10:23-25)
THE OBAMA: Some of the things I talked about…are channeled through my Christian faith and a personal relationship with Jesus Christ.
THE GOSPELS: He who believes in Me, does not believe in Me but in Him who sent Me. He who sees Me sees the One who sent Me. I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness. (John 12:44-46)
THE OBAMA: Alongside my own deep personal faith, I am a follower, as well, of our civic religion. I am a big believer in the separation of church and state…I am a great admirer of our founding charter, and its resolve to prevent theocracies from forming, and its resolve to prevent disruptive strains of fundamentalism from taking root ion this country. As I said before, in my own public policy, I’m very suspicious of religious certainty expressing itself in politics.
THE GOSPELS: Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s. (Matthew 22:21)
(The story of Jesus’ birth) that we are called to love each other as we love ourselves, that we are our brother’s keeper and our sister’s keeper, and our destinies are linked…It’s a message that guides MY CHRISTIAN FAITH.
– President Barack Obama (2008-2011)
THE OBAMA: I can give religious expression to that. I am my brother’s keeper, I am my sister’s keeper, we are all children of God. Or I can express it in secular terms. But the basic premise remains the same. I think sometimes Democrats have made the mistake of shying away from a conversation about values for fear that they sacrifice the important value of tolerance. And I don’t think those two things are mutually exclusive.
THE GOSPELS: So Jesus was saying to those Jews who had believed Him, ‘If you continue in My word, then you are truly disciples of Mine; and you will know the truth, and the truth will make you free.’ (John 8:31-32)
THE OBAMA: I think that I am disturbed by, let me put it this way: I think there is an enormous danger on the part of public figures to rationalize or justify their actions by claiming God’s mandate.
THE GOSPELS: Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense you make long prayers; therefore you will receive greater condemnation. (Matthew 23:14)
THE OBAMA: This is something that I’m sure I’d have serious debates with my fellow Christians about. I think that the difficult thing about any religion, including Christianity, is that at some level there is a call to evangelize and proselytize. There’s the belief, certainly in some quarters, that people haven’t embraced Jesus Christ as their personal savior that they’re going to Hell.
THE GOSPELS: Go throughout the whole world and preach the gospel to all people. (Mark 16:15)
THE OBAMA: I find it hard to believe that my God would consign four-fifths of the world to hell…I can’t imagine that my God would allow some little Hindu kid in India who never interacts with the Christian faith to somehow burn for all eternity…That’s just not part of my religious makeup.
THE GOSPELS: See that you do not despise one of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in Heaven always see the face of my Father in Heaven. (Matthew 18:14)
THE OBAMA: When I tuck my daughters in at night and I feel like I’ve been a good father to them, and I see in them that I am transferring values that I got from my mother and that they’re kind people and that they’re honest people and that they’re curious people, that’s a little piece of Heaven.
THE GOSPELS: If anyone causes one of these little ones-those who believe in me-to stumble, it would be better for them to have a large millstone hung around their neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. (Matthew 18:6)
THE OBAMA: I am a Christian. So, I have a deep faith. So I draw from the Christian faith…So, I’m rooted in the Christian tradition. I believe that there are many paths to the same place.
THE GOSPELS: John said unto him, ‘Teacher, we saw one casting out demons in thy name; and we forbade him, because he followed not us.’ But Jesus said, ‘Forbid him not: for there is no man who shall do a mighty work in my name, and be able quickly to speak evil of me. For he that is not against us is for us.’ (Mark 9:38-40)
THE OBAMA: And I’d say, probably, intellectually I’ve drawn as much from Judaism as any other faith.
THE GOSPELS: Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:17-20)
As can be seen, the Christian beliefs and doctrines of President Barack Obama all have direct parallels with the written words of the Gospels. This not only shows that Obama truly has read his Bible, but has also applied it to his politics and private life in many different ways. Growing up in an essentially non-religions household with a broken family, Barack Obama once was lost, but quite obviously has been found by the Grace of the LORD Joshua the Messiah (Jesus Christ).
May the LORD God bless you in the name of the Judeo/Christian Tradition.
$1 — The Eye of the Pyramid is One-Half the Star of David — $1
Too far by half…
– A common British slang phrase
They are higher than the Heavens Above. What can you do? They are deeper than the depths Below. What can you know?
– Job 11:8Eye Above the Pyramid + Eye Below the Pyramid = The Star of David
The mystery of the Eye of the Pyramid has both puzzled and intrigued many Americans, and more than a few foreigners, for well over 200 years, since 1782 to be exact. The origins of this design are sometimes believed to be connected to the Freemasons, but even a little bit of research reveals that this is simply not the case at all. At the time, a few, but not all, the Founding Fathers, were members of Freemasonry, but literally every one of them had been baptized and brought up a Church-going Christian, as the tradition of the time dictated. Even the great ‘heretic’ Benjamin Franklin had been raised in a happy, joyous, loving Christian home where he was, quite literally, the only non-believer in the entire family. His relatives would laugh and scold at his alleged atheism.
Also, the most convincing evidence that the Eye of the Pyramid has nothing to do with Freemasonry happens to be the documented historical fact that four out the five men who even had say in the design of the U.S. Great Seal were NOT Freemasons. The only one who was, Benjamin Franklin, was never able to get any of his design suggestions approved by the American government overseeing final approval of the project. In other words, over 80% of those who originally designed the Eye of the Pyramid were NOT Freemasons, thus completely disproving the so-called Masonic influence on the final appearance of the Great Seal of the United States.
So where exactly did the idea for an Eye floating on top of an unfinished pyramid come from anyway? Well, the general notion of God benevolently watching over humanity from up above in the sky (the Heavens) had already a major theme of Christian civilization long, long before the American Revolution. On more than a few occasions, Christian artists and illustrators would use the theme of a giant eye in the sky overlooking the earth, in a symbolic attempt to represent the pervading reality of God’s actual presence in this world. One source explains it in the following manner:
[The All-Seeing Eye’s] meaning in all cases, however, was that commonly given it by society at large – a reminder of the constant presence of God. For example, in 1614 the frontispiece of The History of the World by Walter Raleigh showed an eye in a cloud labeled “Providentia” overlooking a globe….The eye of Providence was part of the common cultural iconography of the 17th and 18th centuries. When placed in a triangle, the eye went beyond a general representation of God to a strongly Trinitarian statement.
With this in mind, one can reasonably conclude that historically speaking, the Eye in the Sky was a thoroughly Christian idea, and had absolutely nothing to do with Egyptian Paganism or some other exotic, foreign influence. Therefore, the never-ending parade of conspiracies about the Eye of the Pyramid one hears about and constantly sees on-line should always be taken in stride. When it comes to the back of the dollar bill, the manure tends to get thick and very smelly, This includes some of the absurd claims that the Eye is an inherently anti-Christian symbol, and possibly even Satanic. Indeed, the historical facts speak otherwise.
Anyway, the main point of this post is not to try and dispute the so-called Occult meaning of the Eye of the Pyramid. Instead, it is to clearly show that the real riddle of this symbol, if indeed there is one, has a very, very simple answer. First, if any reader has ever taken out a one dollar bill and then looked carefully enough at the roundish, flower-life design situated directly above the Eagle’s head, then they may well have already noticed the clearly recognizable shape of the Star of David. In other words, those little tiny five-pointed pentagrams, 13 in total, are also carefully arranged into a six-pointed hexagram pattern, obviously a Star of David. As one online reference writes:
Among unanswered questions is if there is any historical significance of the six pointed star pattern formed by the glory of stars above the eagle’s head on the obverse side. Beginning in 1841, the individual stars themselves were drawn with only five points, rather than six.
– Why the Pyramid on the American Dollar?, Answerbag
This same Ikon has also been traditionally known as the Star of Creation, or Seal of Solomon, and was commonly believed to be the royal family coat-of-arms for all of King David and his son Solomon’s many numerous descendants. By this logic, one must concede that the Star which best represents Jesus Christ, the Star of Bethlehem so to speak, should also be a six-pointed star as well. One could tentatively view this star as the guardian spirit of the Gentle Rabbi Jesus, encouraging the United States’ on-going loyalty to the Judeo/Christian tradition- a distinctly American concept.
Now consider the immediate implication of this somewhat obvious little Star of David above the Eagle’s head. This one, simple fact truly helps to bolster the quite reasonable claim that the Eye of the Pyramid is nothing more than the top-half, upward triangle of yet another Star of David. This so-called theory becomes even more plausible due to the exact proportions of the eye itself as compared to the pyramid below it as a whole. In other words, if one carefully places an additional pyramid turned upside down on top of the original pyramid, a near perfect Star of David is created as a result. As the picture shown at the very beginning of this essay clearly demonstrates, the precise intersection of the two pyramids is exactly at the bottom edge of both triangular eyes. As one, independent commentator notes:
The triangular pyramid symbol,,,represents half of the so-called Star of David. Superimpose upon it another upside-down pyramid, and you have the full star. When Solomon’s Seal, the six-pointed Star of [David], is overlaid upon the pyramid on the back side of the Great Seal of The United States (seen on the one dollar bill) the all-seeing Eye…fills the top point (triangle) the position of the chief cornerstone.
– Control Towers, by William Thomas Thompson, Homestead.com
Such a concise pattern of measurement and proportion may well be an indication that the artist who originally drew this picture actually intended it this way, in a clever effort for the viewer to discover it’s true meaning. The Star of David above the Eagle serves as further proof that this could well be case, for if there is already one Star of David in the Great Seal, why not two? Quite a few sources on the internet agree with this basic conclusion. but sadly most of them tend to immediately go off on a tangent, in a raving, hysterical manner about the supposed evil, Occult significance of the Star of David. Before too long their Jew-hating ways are revealed, as they then point the finger at Israel and its flag with the Magen David in the center. Needless to say, they are dead wrong about both the Eye of the Pyramid and its derivative, the Star of David. They are also dead wrong about the Jews and their so-called ‘diabolical’ intentions. Here is a brief synopsis about the historical, factual truth about the Eye of Pyramid.
+ All-Seeing Eye: A common 17th-18th century Christian motif for God and His Heavenly view of mankind.
+ Pyramid/Triangle: An age-old Christian symbol connoting the Trinity of God the Father, Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost
+ U.S. Great Seal: The front side has the Bald Eagle rising towards the 13-point Star of David directly above, while the back side of the Seal has the Eye of the Pyramid precisely proportioned to fit an additional Pyramid turned upside down- thus creating the Star of David.
+ Star of David: The family Coat-of-Arms representing himself, his son Solomon, and all the rest of his descendants, including the Joseph and Mary, the Earthly parents of Jesus Christ, who is the root and branch of David, the bright, morning Star.
Even though this post has decidedly ignored the many on-line fanatics who remain completely opposed to the Eye of the Pyramid, and to the Star of David, Christian believers should use their common sense first and trust in the simple truth. Basically, this means that when it looks like a Star (above the Eagle’s Head), and acts like a Star (the Eye Above and the Eye Below the Pyramid), then one should stop being silly or stubborn, and finally admit that it is indeed the Star of David, and also the family Coat-of-Arms of his great-great-great-great-great-great….grandson Jesus Christ, the Jew from Nazareth.
As to be expected, this solution to the mystery of the All-Seeing Eye may seem like child’s-play and nowhere near as fun and exciting as the endlessly complex, and nonsensical theories of certain Radio Talk-Show hosts and online conspiracy forums. Nonetheless, it is still far closer to the truth than the WWW dot wackos and the fear-mongering self-opportunists will ever admit to. Surveying the modern, psychological landscape, it seems truly sad that many of these paranoid Christian believers, who listen to conspiracy theories constantly, would much rather gossip and speculate about clearly deluded and mentally ill worldviews, then admit their madness and accept the stupid, dumb, boring truth about the back of the one dollar bill- that it is filled with authentic Judeo/Christian symbolism and nothing more.
In reality, those who worship and believe in the God of the Holy Bible have nothing to fear from this decidedly Judeo/Christian symbol. It seems extremely odd to claim that this unique, one and only Seal, which has symbolized a nation of God-fearing citizens from the very start, is secretly a Satanic symbol meant to destroy the Christian faith. To hysterically insist that the U.S. Great Seal is actually filled with the wicked, evil patterns of the Devil doesn’t seem to match up with the reality of this country, either then, now, or in the future. If history is any clue, then the so-called diabolical aspects of this symbol may actually be nothing more than the mystical insignia of a Christian God and another unexplainable aspect of the Judeo/Christian tradition.
May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccbaeus.
The stone the builders rejected has become the Cornerstone. By the LORD has this been done and it is wonderful in our eyes.
– Psalms 118:22-23
You are Peter, and upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the Gates of Hell will not prevail against it.
– Matthew 16:18
Fear God and keep His Commandments for this is the whole duty of man.
– Ecclesiastes 12:13