Concise Meanings of the Names of the 12 Minor Prophets


The term “Minor Prophets” refers to the reported authors of the twelve short prophetic texts included within the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) as well as the Christian Old Testament. While the title places those books in contrast to the major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and (in some Christian Bibles) Daniel)…the term simply refers to the book’s respective lengths.

– Minor Prophets, New World Encyclopedia




Here is a brief list of the 12 Minor Old Testaments Prophets in chronological order as they appear in the Bible. Not only are these the 12 Minor Prophets of the Hebrew Bible, they are also the last 12 Books of the Christian Old Testament including all forms of Christianity (Protestant, Catholic, Orthodox, Other). After each name is the meaning of what the word actually means in Hebrew:


Last 12 Books of the Christian Old Testament
1. Hosea: Salvation
2. Joel: The LORD is God
3. Amos: Strong  
4. Obadiah: Servant of God
5. Jonah: Dove
6. Micah: Who is like God?
7. Nahum: Comfort
8. Habakkuk: Embrace
9. Zephaniah: Hidden or protected by God
10. Haggai: Festive
11. Zechariah: Whom the LORD remembered
12. Malachi: Angel, messenger



The Minor Prophets, whose exhortations were recorded on a single scroll in the classical Hebrew (and only separated when the text came to be translated), run the gamut of Israelite/Jewish history—from the Assyrian period to the Persian. In doing so, they address strikingly varied audiences, from broken-hearted exiles to hopeful builders of a new temple. In spite of this, they consistently stressed a single, primary thesis: that they were God’s chosen people, that it behooved them to behave accordingly, and that, in the end, history would vindicate the faithful. In this way (and in spite of their varied historical perspectives), all of the twelve, in their hopeful proclamations and baneful exhortations, were conditioned by this singular perspective.

– Minor Prophets, New World Encyclopedia


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