Tag Archives: Talmud

Meaning of the Names of the Babylonian Talmud’s Seven Heavens

Meaning of the Names of the Babylonian Talmud's Seven Heavens

* The Seven Heavens of Judaism *

1) Wilon: Curtain
2) Rakia: Expanse, firmament
3) Shehakim: Clouds, dust
4) Zebul: Elevation, height, lofty abode, Temple
5) Ma’on: Dwelling, habitation
6) Makon: Fixed or established place, residence
7) ‘Araboth: to be dark, in darkness

SOURCE: Babylonian Talmud, Chagigah 12b, Soncino Edition

The Native Below and the Stranger Above in the Babylonian Talmud

ImageAs Below, so Above in the Jewish Talmud

Image

The native Below and the alien in the Heavens Above?

– Babylonian Talmud, Yoma 47a

Is the native born to be on the Earth and the stranger in the Highest Heavens?

– Babylonian Talmud, Baba Kamma 42a

The native then would be in the Earth and the stranger in the Highest Heavens?

– Babylonian Talmud, ‘Erubin 9a

Beware of the Unsaddled Elephant! – A Warning from the Babylonian Talmud

The Elephants are of good omen if saddled, or bad omen if not saddled.

– The Babylonian Talmud, Berakoth 57a

 

Elephant with Saddle

All kinds of beasts are a good sign in a dream, except the Elephant, the Monkey and Ape. But a has not the Master said: ‘If one sees an Elephant in a dream, a miracle will happen for him’? There is no contradiction in this, for if the Elephant is saddled, it is a good omen, and a bad omen if it is not saddled.

– The Babylonian Talmud, Berakoth 57b

A Comprehensive List of the 613 Commandments of Judaism


Six hundred and Thirteen precepts were communicated to Moses, three hundred and sixty-five negative precepts, corresponding to the number of solar days in the year, and two hundred and forty-eight positive precepts, corresponding to the number of parts to a man’s body.

– The Babylonian Talmud, Makkoth 23b


For most observers, 613 seems like such a strange, even random, number for anyone, let alone an entire world religion, to have held in such high regard for so long. Yet, ask any devout Jew of today how many Commandments their religion has and their answer would be no different from the Rabbis who ran the elite Jewish academies over 1,500 years previously. Back then, and as it still is now, the religion of Judaism believed in 613 Commandments and the preponderance of historical evidence seems to suggest this exact number has some extremely old roots, One could even contend the Jewish tradition of numbering their religious commandments at exactly 613 is, by any standard, a truly ancient practice that has stood the test of time, even unto this very day.

Thus are we introduced to 613, the magic number of Torah scholarship and Jewish living. Its source is the Babylonian Talmud; its importance is echoed in a vast body of scholarly literature spanning a millennium; its potential as an aid to studying and remembering Torah deserves our careful analysis.

– ‘Origin’ of 613 Commandments, by Rabbi Mendel Weinbach

The greatest proof of this particular number’s authenticity can be found in the pages of the Babylonian Talmud (Compiled 200-500 A,D.) where the 613 Commandments is mentioned at least six different times in five separate volumes of this comprehensive Jewish collection of religious doctrine (Makkoth 23b, Yebamoth 47b and 62a, Nedarim 25a, Shabbath 87a, Shebu’oth 29a). Thus, it must said the numerical tradition of precisely 613 Judaic laws, and no more or less than this, has to be at least 1,500 years old, if not far older. That’s quite a long time for a number, especially a rather large, number like 613 to have remained the same, especially when it comes to the law, which been subject to change since the dawn of civilization. Yet for Judaism, these laws are said to have come from God Himself and there seems to be little reason not to believe them.

NOTE: The following 613 Commandments of Judaism come from Sefer Hamitzvot (Book of Commandments), written by the great Jewish sage Maimonides (12th century). They are divided into 14 Books and further subdivided by different subjects. With that said, here are the 613 Commandments of Judaism, as they have been understood for many centuries:
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BOOK ONE: THE BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE

Fundamentals of Torah:

1. To know there is a God (Ex. 20:2)

2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides Him (Ex. 20:3)

3. To know that He is one (Deut. 6:4)

4. To love Him (Deut. 6:5)

5. To fear Him (Deut. 10:20)

6. To sanctify His Name (Lev. 22:32)

7. Not to profane His Name (Lev. 22:32)

8. Not to destroy objects associated with His Name (Deut. 12:4)

9. To listen to the prophet speaking in His Name (Deut. 18:15)

10. Not to test the prophet unduly (Deut. 6:16)

Laws of Character

11. To emulate His ways     (Deut. 28:9)

12. To cleave to those who know Him (Deut. 10:20)

13. To love Jews (Lev. 19:18)

14. To love converts (Deut. 10:19)

15. Not to hate fellow Jews (Lev. 19:17)

16. To reprove (Lev. 19:17)

17. Not to embarrass others (Lev. 19:17)

18. Not to oppress the weak (Ex. 21:22)

19. Not to speak derogatorily of others (Lev. 19:16)

20. Not to take revenge (Lev. 19:18)

21. Not to bear a grudge (Lev. 19:18)

Laws of Torah Study

22. To learn Torah (Deut. 6:7)

23. To honor those who teach and know Torah (Lev. 19:32)

Laws of Idolatry and Paganism

24. Not to inquire into idolatry (Lev. 19:4)

25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see (Num. 15:39)

26. Not to blaspheme (Ex. 22:27)

27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped (Ex. 20:5)

28. Not to worship idols in the four ways we worship God (Ex. 20:5)

29. Not to make an idol for yourself (Ex. 20:4)

30. Not to make an idol for others (Lev. 19:4)

31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes (Ex. 20:20)

32. Not to turn a city to idolatry (Ex. 23:13)

33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship (Deut. 13:17)

34. Not to rebuild it as a city (Deut. 13:17)

35. Not to derive benefit from it (Deut. 13:18)

36. Not to missionize an individual to idol worship (Deut. 13:12)

37. Not to love the missionary )Deut. 13:9)

38. Not to cease hating the missionary (Deut. 13:9)

39. Not to save the missionary (Deut. 13:9)

40. Not to say anything in his defense (Deut. 13:9)

41. Not to refrain from incriminating him (Deut. 13:9)

42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry (Deut. 13:14)

43. Not to listen to a false prophet (Deut. 13:4)

44. Not to prophesize falsely in the name of God (Deut. 18:20)

45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet (Deut. 18:22)

46. Not to swear in the name of an idol (Ex. 23:13)

47. Not to perform ov (medium) (Lev. 19:31)

48. Not to perform yidoni (magical seer) (Lev. 19:31)

49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech (Lev. 18:21)

50. Not to erect a column in a public place of worship (Deut. 16:22)

51. Not to bow down on smooth stone (Lev. 26:1)

52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard (Deut. 16:21)

53. To destroy idols and their accessories (Deut. 12:2)

54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories 9Deut. 7:26)

55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols (Deut. 7:250

56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters (Deut. 7:2)

57. Not to show favor to them (Deut. 7:2)

58. Not to let them dwell in our land (Ex. 23:330

59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing (Lev. 20:23)

60. Not to be superstitious (Lev. 19:26)

61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events, etc. (Deut. 18:10)

62. Not to engage in astrology (Lev. 19:26)

63. Not to mutter incantations (Deut. 18:11)

64. Not to attempt to contact the dead (Deut. 18:11)

65. Not to consult the ov (Deut. 18:11)

66. Not to consult the yidoni (Deut. 18:11)

67. Not to perform acts of magic (Deut. 18:10)

68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head (Lev. 19:270

69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor 9Lev. 19:27)

70. Men must not wear women’s clothing (Deut. 22:5)

71. Women must not wear men’s clothing (Deut. 22:5)

72. Not to tattoo the skin (Lev. 19:28)

73. Not to tear the skin in mourning (Deut. 14:1)

74. Not to make a bald spot in mourning (Deut. 14:1)

Laws of Repentance

75. To repent and confess wrongdoings (Num. 5:7)

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BOOK TWO: THE BOOK OF LOVE OF GOD

Laws of Reading the Shema

76. To say the Shema twice daily (Deut. 6:7)

Laws of Prayer and Kohanic Blessings

77. To serve the Almighty with prayer daily (Ex. 23:25)

78. The Kohanim must bless the Jewish nation daily (Num. 6:23)

Laws of Tefillin, Mezuza and Sefer Torah

79. To wear tefillin on the head (Deut. 6:8)

80. To bind tefillin on the arm (Deut. 6:8)

81. To put a mezuzah on each door post (Deut. 6:9)

82. Each male must write a Sefer Torah (Deut. 31:19)

83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself (Deut. 17:18)

Laws of Tzitzit

84. To have tzitzit on four-cornered garments (Num. 15:38)

Laws of Blessings

85. To bless the Almighty after eating (Deut. 8:10)

Laws of Circumcision

86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth (Lev. 12:3)

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BOOK THREE: THE BOOK OF SEASONS

Laws of the Sabbath

87. To rest on the seventh day (Ex. 23:12)

88. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day (Ex. 20:10)

89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat (Ex. 35:3)

90. Not to walk outside the city boundary on Shabbat (Ex. 16:29)

91. To sanctify the day with Kiddush and Havdallah (Ex. 20:8)

Laws of Eruvin (Rabbinical)

Laws of Yom Kippur Rest

92. To rest from prohibited labor (Lev. 23:32)

93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:32)

94. To afflict yourself on Yom Kippur (Lev. 16:29)

95. Not to eat or drink on Yom Kippur (Lev. 23:29)

Laws of Festival Rest

96. To rest on the first day of Passover (Lev. 23:7)

97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)

98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)

99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover (Lev. 23:8)

100. To rest on Shavuot     (Lev. 23:21)

101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot (Lev. 23:21)

102. To rest on Rosh Hashana  (Lev. 23:24)

103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashana (Lev. 23:25)

104. To rest on Sukkot (Lev. 23:35)

105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot (Lev. 23:35)

106. To rest on Shmini Atzeret (Lev. 23:36)

107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shmini Atzeret (Lev. 23:36)

Laws of Chometz and Matzah

108. Not to eat chametz on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nissan (Deut. 16:3)

109. To destroy all chametz on 14th day of Nissan (Ex. 12:15)

110. Not to eat chametz all seven days of Passover (Ex. 13:3)

111. Not to eat mixtures containing chametz all seven days of Passover (Ex. 12:20)

112. Not to see chametz in your domain seven days (Ex. 13:7)

113. Not to find chametz in your domain seven days (Ex. 12:19)

114. To eat matzah on the first night of Passover (Ex. 12:18)

115. To relate the exodus from Egypt on that night (Ex. 13:8)

Laws of Shofar, Sukkah, Lulav

116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashana) (Num. 29:1)

117. To dwell in a Sukkah for the seven days of Sukkot (Lev. 23:42)

118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days (Lev. 23:40)

Laws of Shekalim

119. Each man must give a half shekel annually (Ex. 30:13)

Laws of Sanctification of Months

120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins (Ex. 12:2)

Laws of Fasts

121. To afflict and cry out before God in times of catastrophe (Num. 10:9)

Laws of Megillah and Chanukah (Rabbinical)

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BOOK FOUR: THE BOOK OF WOMEN

Laws of Marriage

122. To marry a wife by means of ketubah and kiddushin (Deut. 22:13)

123. Not to have relations with women not thus married (Deut. 23:18)

124. Not to withhold food, clothing, and relations from your wife (Ex. 21:10)

125. To have children with one’s wife (Gen 1:28)

Laws of Divorce

126. To issue a divorce by means of a “get” document (Deut. 24:1)

127. A man must not remarry his wife after she has married someone else (Deut. 24:4)

Laws of Yivum and Chalitzah (Levirate Marriage)

128. To do yibum (marry childless brother’s widow) (Deut. 25:5)

129. To do chalitzah (freeing a widow from yibum) (Deut. 25:9)

130. The widow must not remarry until the ties with her brother-in-law are removed (Deut. 25:5)

Laws of Women

131. The court must fine one who seduces a maiden (Ex. 22:15-16)

132. The rapist must marry the maiden (if she chooses) (Deut. 22:29)

133. He is not allowed to divorce her (Deut. 22:29)

134. The slanderer must remain married to his wife (Deut. 22:19)

135. He must not divorce her (Deut. 22:19)

Laws of Sotah (Suspect Wife)

136. To fulfill the laws of the Sotah (Num. 5:30)

137. Not to put oil on her meal offering (Num. 5:15)

138. Not to put frankincense on her meal offering (Num. 5:15)

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BOOK FIVE: THE BOOK OF HOLINESS

Laws of Forbidden Relations

139. Not to have relations with your mother (Lev. 18:7)

140. Not to have relations with your father’s wife (Lev. 18:8)

141. Not to have relations with your sister (Lev. 18:9)

142. Not to have relations with your father’s wife’s daughter (Lev. 18:110

143. Not to have relations with your son’s daughter (Lev. 18:10)

144. Not to have relations with your daughter (Lev. 18:10)

145. Not to have relations with your daughter’s daughter (Lev. 18:100

146. Not to have relations with a woman and her daughter (Lev. 18:17)

147. Not to have relations with a woman and her son’s daughter (Lev. 18:17)

148. Not to have relations with a woman and her daughter’s daughter (Lev. 18:17)

149. Not to have relations with your father’s sister (Lev. 18:12)

150. Not to have relations with your mother’s sister (Lev. 18:13)

151. Not to have relations with your father’s brother’s wife (Lev. 18:14)

152. Not to have relations with your son’s wife (Lev. 18:15)

153. Not to have relations with your brother’s wife (Lev. 18:16)

154. Not to have relations with your wife’s sister (Lev. 18:18)

155. A man must not have relations with a beast (Lev. 18:23)

156. A woman must not have relations with a beast (Lev. 18:23)

157. Not to have homosexual relations (Lev. 18:22)

158. Not to have homosexual relations with your father (Lev. 18:7)

159. Not to have homosexual relations with your father’s brother (Lev. 18:14)

160. Not to have relations with a married woman (Lev. 18:20)

161. Not to have relations with a menstrually impure woman (Lev. 18:19)

162. Not to marry non-Jews (Deut. 7:3)

163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:4)

164. Don’t keep a third generation Egyptian convert from marrying into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:8-9)

165. Not to refrain from marrying a third generation Edomite convert (Deut. 23:8-9)

166. Not to let a mamzer marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:3)

167. Not to let a eunuch marry into the Jewish people (Deut. 23:2)

168. Not to castrate any male (including animals) (Lev. 22:24)

169. The High Priest must not marry a widow (Lev. 21:14)

170. The High Priest must not have relations with a widow even outside of marriage (Lev. 21:15)

171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden (Lev. 21:13)

172. A Kohen must not marry a divorcee (Lev. 21:7)

173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a woman who had forbidden relations) (Lev. 21:7)

174. A priest must not marry a chalalah (party to or product of 169-172) (Lev. 21:7)

175. Not to make pleasurable contact with any forbidden woman (Lev. 18:6)

Laws of Forbidden Foods

176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:2)

177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Deut. 14:11)

178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:9)

179. To examine the signs of locusts to distinguish between kosher and non-kosher (Lev. 11:21)

180. Not to eat non-kosher animals (Lev. 11:4)

181. Not to eat non-kosher fowl (Lev. 11:13)

182. Not to eat non-kosher fish (Lev. 11:11)

183. Not to eat non-kosher flying insects (Deut. 14:19)

184. Not to eat non-kosher creatures that crawl on land (Lev. 11:41)

185. Not to eat non-kosher maggots (Lev. 11:44)

186. Not to eat worms found in fruit on the ground  (Lev. 11:42)

187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than fish (Lev. 11:43)

188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter (Deut. 14:21)

189. Not to benefit from an ox condemned to be stoned (Ex. 21:28)

190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded (Ex. 22:30)

191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature (Deut 12:23)

192. Not to eat blood (Lev. 3:17)

193. Not to eat certain fats of clean animals (Lev. 3:17)

194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh (Gen. 32:33)

195. Not to eat meat and milk cooked together (Ex. 23:19)

196. Not to cook meat and milk together (Ex. 34:26)

197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)

198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)

199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer (Lev. 23:14)

200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years (Lev. 19:23)

201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)

202. Not to eat untithed fruits (Lev. 22:15)

203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols (Deut. 32:38)

Laws of Slaughtering

204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it (Deut. 12:21)

205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day (Lev. 22:28

206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth (Lev. 17:13)

207. Not to take the mother bird from her children (Deut. 22:6)

208. To release the mother bird if she was taken from the nest (Deut. 22:7)

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BOOK SIX: THE BOOK OF OATHS

Laws of Oaths

209. Not to swear falsely in God’s Name (Lev. 19:12)

210. Not to take God’s Name in vain (Ex. 20:7)

211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you (Lev. 19:11)

212. Not to swear in denial of a monetary claim (Lev. 19:11)

213. To swear in God’s Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court (Deut. 10:20)

Laws of Vows

214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed (Deut. 23:24)

215. Not to break oaths or vows (Num. 30:3)

216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah (Num. 30:3)

Laws of The Nazir

217. The Nazir must let his hair grow (Num. 6:5)

218.  He must not cut his hair (Num. 6:5)

219. He must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar (Num. 6:3)

220. He must not eat fresh grapes (Num. 6:3)

221. He must not eat raisins (Num. 6:3)

222. He must not eat grape seeds (Num. 6:4)

223. He must not eat grape skins (Num. 6:4)

224. He must not be under the same roof as a corpse ((Num. 6:6)

225. He must not come into contact with the dead (Num. 6:7)

226. He must shave after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period (Num. 6:9)

Laws of Estimated Values and Vows

227. To estimate the value of people as determined by the Torah (Lev. 27:2)

228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals(Lev. 27:12-13)

229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses (Lev. 27:14)

230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields (Lev. 27:16)

231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) (Lev. 27:28

232. Not to sell the cherem (Lev. 27:28)

233. Not to redeem the cherem (Lev. 27:28)

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BOOK SEVEN: THE BOOK OF SEEDS

Laws of Mixed Species

234. Not to plant diverse seeds together (Lev. 19:19)

235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard (Deut. 22:9)

236. Not to crossbreed animals (Lev. 19:19)

237. Not to work different animals together (Deut. 22:10)

238. Not to wear sha’atnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen (Deut. 22:11)

Laws of Gifts to the Poor

239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor (Lev. 19:10)

240. Not to reap that corner (Lev. 19:9)

241. To leave gleanings (Lev. 19:9)

242. Not to gather the gleanings (Lev. 19:9)

243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard (Lev. 19:10)

244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard (Lev. 19:10)

245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10)

246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes (Lev. 19:10)

247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field (Deut. 24:19)

248. Not to retrieve them (Deut. 24:19)

249. To separate the tithe for the poor (Deut. 14:28)

250. To give charity (Deut. 15:8)

251. Not to withhold charity from the poor (Deut. 15:7)

252. To set aside Trumah Gedolah (tithe for the Kohen) (Deut. 18:4)

253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe (Num. 18:26)

254. Not to preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order (Ex. 22:28)

255. A non-Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:10)

256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:10)

257. An uncircumcised Kohen must not eat Trumah (Ex. 12:48)

258. An impure Kohen must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:4)

259. A chalalah must not eat Trumah (Lev. 22:12)

Laws of Ma’aser

260. To set aside Ma’aser each planting year and give it to a Levite (Num. 18:24)

Laws of The Second Tithe and Fourth Year Produce

261. To set aside the second tithe (Ma’aser Sheni) (Deut. 14:22)

262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment (Deut. 26:14)

263. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni while impure (Deut. 26:14)

264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat Ma’aser Sheni (Deut. 26:14)

265. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni grains outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

266. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni wine products outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

267. Not to eat Ma’aser Sheni oil outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like Ma’aser Sheni (Lev. 19:24)

269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year (Deut. 26:13)

Laws of First Fruits and other Kohanic Gifts

270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple (Ex. 23:19)

271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

272. To read the Torah portion pertaining to their presentation (Deut. 26:5)

273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen (Num. 15:20)

274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen (Deut. 18:3)

275. To give the first sheering of sheep to a Kohen (Deut. 18:4)

276. To redeem the firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen (Num. 18:15)

277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen (Ex. 13:13)

278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it (Ex. 13:13)

Laws of The Sabbatical and Jubilee Years

279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth (Ex. 34:21)

280. Not to work the land during the seventh year (Lev. 25:4)

281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year (Lev. 25:4)

282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner (Lev. 25:5)

283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way (Lev. 25:5)

284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year (Ex. 23:11)

285. To release all loans during the seventh year (Deut. 15:2)

286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower (Deut. 15:2)

287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss (Deut. 15:9)

288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years (Lev. 25:8)

289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:10)

290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei to free the slaves (Lev. 25:9)

291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)

292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)

293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year (Lev. 25:11)

294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties (Lev. 25:24)

295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely (Lev. 25:23)

296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities (Lev. 25:29)

297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in (Deut. 18:1)

298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war (Deut. 18:1)

299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields (Num. 35:2)

300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites’ before and after the Jubilee year (Lev. 25:34)

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BOOK EIGHT: THE BOOK OF SERVICE

Laws of The Temple

301. To build a Sanctuary (Ex. 25:8)

302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal (Ex. 20:22)

303. Not to climb steps to the altar (Ex. 20:23)

304. To show reverence to the Temple (Lev. 19:30)

305. To guard the Temple area (Num. 18:2)

306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded (Num. 18:5)

Laws of Temple Vessels and Employees

307. To prepare the anointing oil (Ex. 30:31)

308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil (Ex. 30:32)

309. Not to anoint with anointing oil (Ex. 30:32)

310. Not to reproduce the incense formula (Ex. 30:37)

311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense (Ex. 30:9)

312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders (Num. 7:9)

313. Not to remove the staves from the ark (Ex. 25:15)

314. The Levites must work in the Temple (Num. 18:23)

315. No Levite must do another’s work of either a Kohen or a Levite (Num. 18:3)

316. To dedicate the Kohen for service (Lev. 21:8)

317. The kohanic work shifts must be equal during holidays (Deut. 18:6-8)

318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service (Ex. 28:2)

319. Not to tear the priestly garments (Ex. 28:32)

320. The breastplate must not be loosened from the Efode (Ex. 28:28)

Laws of Entering the Temple

321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated (Lev. 10:9)

322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with long hair (Lev. 10:6)

323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes (Lev. 10:6)

324. A Kohen must not enter the Temple indiscriminately (Lev. 16:2)

325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service (Lev. 10:7)

326. To send the impure from the Temple (Num. 5:2)

327. Impure people must not enter the Temple (Num. 5:3)

328. Impure people must not enter the Temple Mount area (Deut. 23:11)

329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the temple (Lev. 22:2)

330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service (Lev. 22:7)

331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service (Ex. 30:19)

332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the sanctuary or approach the altar (Lev. 21:23)

333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve (Lev.21:17)

334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve (Lev. 21:17

335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve (Num. 18:4)

Laws of Restrictions Concerning Sacrifices

336. To offer only unblemished animals (Lev. 22:21)

337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar (Lev. 22:20)

338. Not to slaughter it (Lev. 22:22)

339. Not to sprinkle its blood (Lev. 22:24)

340. Not to burn its fat (Lev. 22:22)

341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal (Deut. 17:1)

342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by non-Jews (Lev. 22:25)

343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals (Lev. 22:21)

344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified (Deut. 12:15)

345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old (Lev. 22:27)

346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or the animal exchanged for a dog (Deut. 23:19)

347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar (Lev. 2:11)

348. To salt all sacrifices (Lev. 2:13)

349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices (Lev. 2:13)

Laws of Sacrificial Procedure

350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 1:3)

351. Not to eat its meat (Deut. 12:17)

352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering (Lev. 6:18)

353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering (Lev. 6:23

354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering (Lev. 5:8)

355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering (Lev. 7:1)

356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple (Ex. 29:33)

357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard (Deut. 12:17)

358. A non-Kohen must not eat sacrificial meat (Ex. 29:33)

359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering (Lev. 7:11)

360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood (Deut. 12:17)

361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 2:1)

362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers (Lev. 5:11)

363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers (Lev. 3:11)

364. Not to eat the meal offering of the High Priest (Lev. 6:16)

365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread (Lev. 6:10)

366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings (Lev. 6:9)

367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival (Deut. 12:5-6)

368. Not to withhold payment incurred by any vow (Deut. 23:22)

369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple (Deut. 12:11)

370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple (Deut. 12:26)

371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard (Lev. 17:4)

372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard (Deut. 12:13)

Laws of Constant and Additional Offerings

373. To offer two lambs every day (Num. 28:3)

374. To light a fire on the altar every day (Lev. 6:6)

375. Not to extinguish this fire (Lev. 6:6)

376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day (Lev. 6:3)

377. To burn incense every day (Ex 30:7)

378. To light the Menorah every day (Ex. 27:21)

379. The Kohen Gadol must bring a meal offering every day (Lev. 6:13)

380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat (Num 28:9)

381. To make the show bread (Ex. 25:30)

382. To bring additional offerings on the New Month (Num. 28:11)

383. To bring additional offerings on Passover (Num. 28:19)

384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat (Lev. 23:10)

385. Each man must count the Omer – seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought     (Lev. 23:15)

386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot (Num. 28:26)

387. To bring two leaves to accompany the above sacrifice (Lev. 23:17)

388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashana (Num. 29:2)

389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur (Num. 29:8)

390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot (Num. 29:13)

391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret (Num. 29:35)

Laws of Disqualified Offerings

392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished (Deut. 14.3)

393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions (Lev. 7:18)

394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them (Lev. 22:30)

395. Not to eat from that which was left over (Lev. 19:8)

396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure (Lev. 7:19)

397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices (Lev. 7:20)

398. To burn the leftover sacrifices (Lev. 7:17)

399. To burn all impure sacrifices (Lev. 7:19)

Laws of Yom Kippur Service

400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in Parshat Acharei Mot (Lev. 16:3)

Laws of Misusing Sanctified Property

401. One who profaned property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice (Lev. 5:16)

402. Not to work consecrated animals (Deut. 15:19)

403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals (Deut. 15:19)

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BOOK NINE: THE BOOK OF SACRIFICES

Laws of Pascal Sacrifice

404. To slaughter the paschal sacrifice at the specified time (Ex. 12:6)

405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven (Ex. 23:18)

406. Not to leave the fat overnight (Ex. 23:18)

407. To slaughter the second paschal lamb (Num. 9:11)

408. To eat the paschal lamb with matzah and Marror on the night of the 15th of Nissan (Ex. 12:8)

409. To eat the second paschal lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar (Num.9:11)

410. Not to eat the paschal meat raw or boiled (Ex. 12:9)

411. Not to take the paschal meat from the confines of the group (Ex. 12:46)

412. An apostate must not eat from it (Ex.12:43)

413. A permanent or temporary hired worker must not eat from it (Ex. 12:45)

414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from it (Ex. 12:48

415. Not to break any bones from the paschal offering (Ex. 12:46)

416. Not to break any bones from the second paschal offering (Num. 9:12)

417. Not to leave any meat from the paschal offering over until morning (Ex. 12:10)

418. Not to leave the second paschal meat over until morning (Num. 9:12)

419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th (Deut. 16:4)

Laws of Pilgrim Offerings

420. To be seen at the Temple on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot (Deut. 16:16)

421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) (Ex. 23:14)

422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (bring a peace offering) (Deut. 16:14)

423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings (Deut. 16:16)

424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites (Deut. 12:19)

425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year (Deut. 31:12)

Laws of First Born Animals

426. To set aside the firstborn animals (Ex. 13:12)

427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem (Deut. 12:17)

428. Not to redeem the firstborn (Num. 18:17)

429. Separate the tithe from animals (Lev. 27:32)

430. Not to redeem the tithe (Lev. 27:33)

Laws of Offerings for Unintentional Transgressions

431. Every person must bring a sin offering for his transgression (Lev. 4:27)

432. Bring an asham talui when uncertain of guilt (Lev. 5:17-18)

433. Bring an asham vadai when guilt is ascertained (Lev. 5:25)

434. Bring an oleh v’yored offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) (Lev. 5:7-11)

435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering when it rules in error  (Lev. 4:13)

Laws of Lacking Atonement

436. A woman who had a running issue must bring an offering after she goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 15:28-29)

437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering after she goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 12:6)

438. A man who had a running issue must bring an offering after he goes to the Mikveh (Lev. 15:13-14)

439. A metzora must bring an offering after going to the Mikveh (Lev. 14:10)

Laws of Substitution of Sacrifices

440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice (Lev. 27:10)

441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration (Lev. 27:10)

442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another (Lev. 27:26)

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BOOK TEN: THE BOOK OF PURITY

Laws of Impurity of Human Dead

443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead (Num. 19:14)

Laws of The Red Heifer

444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer (Num. 19:2)

445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water (Num. 19:21)

Laws of Impurity through Tzara’at

446. Rule the laws of human tzara’at as prescribed in the Torah (Lev. 13:12)

447. The metzora must not remove his signs of impurity (Deut. 24:8)

448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair (Lev. 13:33)

449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering his lips (Lev. 13:45)

450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora (Lev. 14:2)

451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification (Lev. 14:9)

452. Carry out the laws of tzara’at of clothing (Lev. 13:47)

453. Carry out the laws of tzara’at of houses (Lev. 13:34)

Laws of Impurity of Reclining and Sitting

454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity (Lev. 15:19)

455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth (Lev. 12:2)

456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman’s running issue (Lev. 15:25)

457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man’s running issue (Lev. 15:3)

Laws of Other Sources of Impurity

458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead beast (Lev. 11:39)

459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (Lev. 11:29)

460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (Lev. 15:16)

Laws of Impurity of Food

461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods (Lev. 11:34)

Laws of Vessels (Rabbinical)

Laws of Mikveh

462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikveh to become pure (Lev. 15:16)

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BOOK ELEVEN: THE BOOK OF DAMAGES

Laws of Property Damage

463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring ox (Ex. 21:28)

464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating (Ex. 22:4)

465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit (Ex. 21:33)

466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire (Ex. 22:5)

Laws of Theft

467. Not to steal money stealthily (Lev. 19:11)

468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief (Ex. 21:37)

469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate (Lev. 19:36)

470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights (Lev. 19:35)

471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use (Deut. 25:13)

472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone’s property (Deut. 19:14)

473. Not to kidnap (Ex. 20:13)

Laws of Robbery and Lost Objects

474. Not to rob openly (Lev. 19:13)

475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt (Lev. 19:13)

476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire another’s possession (Ex. 20:14)

477. Not to desire another’s possession (Deut. 5:18)

478. Return the robbed object or its value (Lev. 5:23)

479. Not to ignore a lost object (Deut. 22:3)

480. Return the lost object (Deut. 22:1)

481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another’s property (Ex. 21:18)

Laws of Murder and Preservation of Life

482. Not to murder (Ex. 20:13)

483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer (Num. 35:31)

484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge (Num. 35:25)

485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge  (Num. 35:32)

486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial (Num. 35:12)

487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer (Deut. 25:11)

488. Not to pity the pursuer (Num. 35:12)

489. Not to stand idly by if someone’s life is in danger (Lev. 19:16)

490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access (Deut. 19:3)

491. Break the neck of a calf by the river valley following an unsolved murder (Deut. 21:4)

492. Not to work nor plant that river valley (Deut. 21:4)

493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property (Deut. 22:8)

494. Make a guard rail around flat roofs (Deut. 22:8)

495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) (Lev. 19:14)

496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it (Ex. 23:5)

497. Help others load their beast (Deut. 22:4)

498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) (Deut. 22:4)

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BOOK TWELVE: THE BOOK OF ACQUISITION

Laws of Sales

499. Buy and sell according to Torah law (Lev. 25:14)

500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article (Lev. 25:14)

501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words (Lev. 25:17)

502. Not to cheat a sincere convert monetarily (Ex. 22:20)

503. Not to insult or harm a sincere convert with words (Ex. 22:20)

Laws of Acquisitions and Gifts (Rabbinical)
Laws of Neighbors (Rabbinical)
Laws of Agents and Partners (Rabbinical)

Laws of Slaves

504. Purchase a Hebrew slave in accordance with the prescribed laws (Ex. 21:2)

505. Not to sell him as a slave is sold (Lev. 25:42)

506. Not to work him oppressively (Lev. 25:43)

507. Not to allow a non-Jew to work him oppressively (Lev. 25:53)

508. Not to have him do menial slave labor (Lev. 25;39)

509. Give him gifts when he goes free (Deut. 15:14)

510. Not to send him away empty-handed (Deut. 15:13)

511. Redeem Jewish maidservants (Ex. 21:8)

512. Betroth the Jewish maidservant (Ex. 21:8)

513. The master must not sell his maidservant (Ex. 21:8)

514. Canaanite slaves must work forever unless injured in one of their limbs (Lev. 25:46)

515. Not to extradite a slave who fled to Israel (Deut. 23:16)

516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge (Deut. 23:16)

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BOOK THIRTEEN: THE BOOK OF JUDGEMENTS

Laws of Hiring

517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guard (Ex. 22:9)

518. Pay wages on the day they were earned (Deut. 24:15)

519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time (Lev. 19:13)

520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works (Deut. 23:25)

521. The worker must not eat while on hired time (Deut. 23:26)

522. The worker must not take more than he can eat (Deut. 23:25)

523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing (Deut. 25:4)

Laws of Borrowing and Depositing

524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower (Ex. 22:13)

525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard (Ex. 22:6)

Laws of Creditor and Debtor

526. Lend to the poor and destitute (Ex. 22:24)

527. Not to press them for payment if you know they don’t have it (Ex. 22:24)

528. Press the idolater for payment (Deut. 15:3)

529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral (Deut. 24:10)

530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed (Deut. 24:13)

531. Not to delay its return when needed (Deut. 24:12)

532. Not to demand collateral from a widow (Deut. 24:17)

533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed for preparing food (Deut. 24:6)

534. Not to lend with interest (Lev.25:37)

535. Not to borrow with interest (Deut. 23:20)

536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note (Ex. 22:24)

537. Lend to and borrow from idolaters with interest (Deut. 23:21)

Laws of Plaintiff and Defendant

538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier (Ex. 22:8)

Laws of Inheritance

539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance (Num. 27:8)

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BOOK FOURTEEN: THE BOOK OF JUDGES

Laws of Sanhedrin and Punishments

540. Appoint judges (Deut. 16:18)

541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure (Deut. 1:17)

542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement (Ex. 23:2)

543. The court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required (Ex. 23:2)

544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases (Deut. 23:2)

545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning (Deut. 22:24)

546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning (Lev. 20:14)

547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword (Ex. 21:20)

548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation (Lev. 20:10)

549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry (Deut. 21:22)

550. Bury the executed on the day they are killed (Deut.21:23)

551. Not to delay burial overnight (Deut. 21:23)

552. The court must not let the sorcerer live (Ex. 22:17)

553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer (Ex. 25:2)

554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes (Deut. 25:3)

555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence (Ex. 23:7)

556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime (Deut. 22:26)

557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial (Deut. 19:13)

558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial (Lev. 19:15)

559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial (Lev. 19:15)

560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor (Ex. 23;6)

561. A judge must not pervert justice (Lev. 19:15)

562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a convert or orphan (Deut. 24:17)

563. Judge righteously (Lev. 19:15)

564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment (Deut. 1:17)

565. Judges must not accept bribes (Ex. 23:8)

566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present (Ex. 23:1)

567. Not to curse judges (Ex. 22:27)

568. Not to curse the head of state or leader of the Sanhedrin (Ex. 22:27)

569. Not to curse any upstanding Jew (Lev. 19:14)

Laws of Evidence

570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court (Lev. 5:1)

571. Carefully interrogate the witness  (Deut. 13:15)

572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes (Deut. 19:17)

573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness (Deut. 19:15)

574. Transgressors must not testify (Ex. 23:1)

575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify (Deut. 24:16)

576. Not to testify falsely (Ex. 20:13)

577. Punish the false witnesses as they tried to punish the defendant (Deut. 19:19)

Laws of Insurgents

578. Act according to the ruling of the Sanhedrin (Deut. 17:11)

579. Not to deviate from the word of the Sanhedrin (Deut. 17:11)

580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations (Deut. 13:1)

581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part (Deut. 13:1)

582. Not to curse your father and mother (Ex. 21:17)

583. Not to strike your father and mother (Ex. 21:15)

584. Respect your father or mother (Ex. 20:12)

585. Fear your father or mother (Lev. 19:3)

586. Not to be a rebellious son (Deut. 21:18)

Laws of Mourning

587. Mourn for relatives (Lev. 10:19)

588. The High Priest must not defile himself for any relative (Lev. 21:11)

589. The High Priest must not enter under the same roof as a corpse (Lev. 21:11)

590. A Kohen must not defile himself for anyone except relatives (Lev. 21:1)

Laws of Kings and their Wars

591. Appoint a king from Israel (Deut. 17:15)

592. Not to appoint a convert (Deut. 17:15)

593. The king must not have too many wives (Deut. 17:17)

594. The king must not have too many horses (Deut. 17:16)

595. The king must not have too much silver and gold (Deut. 17:17)

596. Destroy the seven Canaanite nations (Deut. 20:17)

597. Not to let any of them remain alive (Deut. 20:16)

598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek (Deut. 25:19)

599. Remember what Amalek did to the Jewish people (Deut. 25:17)

600. Not to forget Amalek’s atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert (Deut. 25:19)

601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt (Deut. 17:16)

602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms (Deut. 20:10)

603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them (Deut. 23:7)

604. Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege (Deut. 20:19)

605. Prepare latrines outside the camps (Deut. 23:13)

606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with (Deut. 23:14)

607. Appoint a priest to speak with the soldiers during the war (Deut. 20:2)

608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions (Deut. 24:5)

609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military (Deut. 24:5)

610. Not to panic and retreat during battle  (Deut. 20:3)

611. Keep the laws of the captive woman  (Deut. 21:11)

612. Not to sell her into slavery (Deut. 21:14)

613. Not to retain her for servitude after having relations with her (Deut. 21:14)

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NOTE: Some words and phrases cited in the above 613 Commandments were carefully altered and edited by Judas Maccabaeus, the author of this post and publisher of this blog- the Judeo/Christian Tradition. This was done simply to make the English more readable and understandable by the general audience. Even so, the basic meaning of every Commandment that has been edited or re-written remains the same.

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We have been commanded Six hundred and Thirteen commandments: ‘Your people shall be my people’. We are forbidden idolatry: ‘And your God my God’.

– The Babylonian Talmud, Yebamoth 47b

 

The Judeo-Christian – Comparing the Talmud and the Gospels

Yet again, the Talmud and the Gospels appear as one and the same text, strongly implying that Joshua (Jesus in Greek), the lanky carpenter from the ‘certain Galilean’ countryside, studied with the best student Pharisees of His day. Embittered by their arrogant dismissal of his lowly pious father and mother, Joseph and Mary, this outsider Rabbi rebel with a cause has still managed to bring the greatest teachings of the Talmud to Gentiles throughout the world.
TALMUD: God has a seal, and His seal is truth. (Deuteronomy Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: He who has received His testimony has set his seal to this, that God is true. (John 3:33)

TALMUD: If you sit in judgment and you find one of the litigants anxious to verify his statement by taking an oath, have suspicion against that individual. (Leviticus Rabba 6)
GOSPEL: ‘Woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born.’ And Judas, who was betraying Him, said, ‘Surely it is not I, Rabbi?’ Jesus said to him, ‘You have said it yourself.’ (Matthew 26:24-25)

The Joshua Talmud
TALMUD: Consider the immeasurable distance from us of what we know as God’s dwelling-place, the Heavens; yet how near He is to us when we call upon Him. (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on Earth will be bound in Heaven, and whatever you loose on Earth will be loosed in Heaven. (Matthew 18:18)

TALMUD: Heaven and Earth wept at the death of Moses. (Deuteronomy Rabba 11)
GOSPEL: It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the Temple was torn in two. Jesus called out with a loud voice, ‘Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.’ When He had said this, He breathed His last. (Luke 23:44-46)

TALMUD: If you sit in judgment and you find one of the litigants anxious to verify his statement by taking an oath, have suspicion against that individual. (Leviticus Rabba 6)
GOSPEL: Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘Do not break your oath, but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.’ But I tell you, do not swear an oath at all, either by Heaven, for it is God’s throne, or by the Earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. (Matthew 5:33-35)

TALMUD: God has a seal, and his seal is truth. (Deuteronomy Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: He who has received His testimony has set his seal to this, that God is true. For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for He gives the Spirit without measure. (John 3:33-34)

TALMUD: Heaven and Earth wept at the death of Moses. (Deuteronomy Rabba 11)
GOSPEL: For truly I tell you, until Heaven and Earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law (of Moses) until everything is accomplished. (Matthew 5:18)

The Talmud’s Classical Format

TALMUD: Justice is one of the supports of God’s throne. (Deuteronomy Rabba 5)
GOSPEL: Woe to you Pharisees, because you give God a tenth of your mint, rue and all other kinds of garden herbs, but you neglect justice and the love of God. You should have practiced the latter without leaving the former undone. (Luke 11:42)

TALMUD: One of the reasons why Moses called upon Heaven and Earth as witnesses (Deuteronomy 33) is that by them the Torah was given (Deuteronomy 4). (Deuteronomy Rabba 10)
GOSPEL: For truly I tell you, until Heaven and Earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law (of Moses) until everything is accomplished. (Matthew 5:18)

TALMUD: If you are a man of distinction and entitled to a prominent seat at an assembly, seat yourself, nevertheless, two or three seats lower, for it is better to be told ‘Go up,’ than to be asked to ‘go down.’ Hillel was apt to say, ‘If I condescend I am exalted, but if I am haughty I am degraded.’ (Leviticus Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: Jesus said, ‘Watch out for the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets.’ (Mark 12:38-39)

TALMUD: ‘I have created somethings in pairs,’ says God, ‘such as Heaven and Earth, the sun and the moon, Adam and Eve, male and female in all animals, this life and the future life; but I am One.’ He that proclaims the absolute unity of God proclaims the kingdom of Heaven. (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: ‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate. (Mark 10:7-9)

TALMUD: Death is designed for man from time immemorial. When the hour of man’s departure hence arrives, nothing will save him from it. (Talmud, Tanchum. Voeschanan)
GOSPEL: And who of you by being worried can add a single hour to his life? (Matthew 6:27)

TALMUD: ‘I have created somethings in pairs,’ says God, ‘such as Heaven and Earth, the sun and the moon, Adam and Eve, male and female in all animals, this life and the future life; but I am One.’ (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: Jesus went around teaching from village to village. Calling the Twelve to him, he began to send them out two by two and gave them authority over impure spirits. (Mark 6:7)

An Age-Old Talmud

TALMUD: If you are a man of distinction and entitled to a prominent seat at an assembly, seat yourself, nevertheless, two or three seats lower, for it is better to be told ‘Go up,’ than to be asked to ‘go down.’ Hillel was apt to say, ‘If I condescend I am exalted, but if I am haughty I am degraded.’ (Leviticus Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: When he noticed how the guests picked the places of honor at the table, he told them this parable: ‘When someone invites you to a wedding feast, do not take the place of honor, for a person more distinguished than you may have been invited.’ (Luke 14:7-8)

TALMUD: If you want a vine to flourish it should be replanted on another soil. God replanted his vine, Israel, from Egypt to Palestine, and it became famous. (Exodus Rabba 44)
GOSPEL: When they had gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. ‘Get up,’ he said, ‘take the child and his mother and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, for Herod is going to search for the child to kill him.’ So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was fulfilled what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘Out of Egypt I called my son.’ (Matthew 2:13-15)

TALMUD If you are a man of distinction and entitled to a prominent seat at an assembly, seat yourself, nevertheless, two or three seats lower, for it is better to be told ‘Go up,’ than to be asked to ‘go down.’ Hillel was apt to say, ‘If I condescend I am exalted, but if I am haughty I am degraded.’ (Leviticus Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: When he noticed how the guests picked the places of honor at the table, he told them this parable: “When someone invites you to a wedding feast, do not take the place of honor, for a person more distinguished than you may have been invited. If so, the host who invited both of you will come and say to you, ‘Give this person your seat.’ Then, humiliated, you will have to take the least important place. But when you are invited, take the lowest place, so that when your host comes, he will say to you, ‘Friend, move up to a better place.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all the other guests. For all those who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.” (Luke 14:7-11)

TALMUD: ‘I have created somethings in pairs,’ says God, ‘such as Heaven and Earth, the sun and the moon, Adam and Eve, male and female in all animals, this life and the future life; but I am One.’ (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: After this the LORD (Jesus) appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. (Luke 10:1)

Old Preface to the Talmud

May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.

The Good News Talmud, Part VI.

If sincere converts to Judaism enter Heaven, Antoninus will be at the head of them.

The Talmud, Leviticus Rabba 3

For those Jews and Christians who are familiar with the Maccabees, the following story may well be an old one. However, for those readers not acquainted with the story of the Maccabees, one should take note that both the Catholic and Orthodox Churches recognize several Jewish participants involved in the Maccabee Revolt to be Christian Saints residing in Christian Heaven. One of these Saints is know as Saint Antonin (or Anton, Antoninus, Antonio, etc.), one of the Seven ‘Holy Maccabee’ Sons of St. Solomonia (Hannah, Mirriam). Anyway, I just recently discovered this quote in the Talmud and it made me realize that the ancient Jews must have taken Greek names from some of the more famous Greek Gentiles who openly and publicly converted from Paganism to Judaism thousands of years ago and long before Christianity became an option. With that in mind, the Good News Talmud, Part VI. is dedicated to Saint Antoninus, a Jew so devout he willingly chose and endured hideous torture and death rather than eat even a single bite of pork- truly a Maccabee (and Judeo-Christian) hero forevermore.

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The Good News Talmud, Part VI.

TALMUD: Let no man be deterred from repenting by knowing the great depth of his sin. Let him bear in mind that he does not come to a stranger but to his Heavenly Father. (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: What man among you, if he has a hundred sheep and has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the open pasture and go after the one which is lost until he finds it? When he has found it, he lays it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he comes home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’ I tell you that in the same way, there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who need no repentance. (Luke 15:4-7)

TALMUD: The Tablets of the commandments were called Tablets of Stones, because the punishment for violating the commandments was death by stoning. (Exodus Rabba 41)
GOSPEL: Jesus went to the Mount of Olives….The scribes and the Pharisees brought a woman caught in adultery, and having set her in the center of the court, they said to Him, ‘Teacher, this woman has been caught in adultery, in the very act. Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?’ They were saying this, testing Him, so that they might have grounds for accusing Him. But Jesus stooped down and with His finger wrote on the ground…straightened up, and said to them, ‘Let He who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her.’…When they heard it, they began to go out one by one, beginning with the older ones, and He was left alone, and the woman, where she was, in the center of the court. Straightening up, Jesus said to her, “Woman, where are they? Did no one condemn you?’ She said, ‘No one, LORD.’ And Jesus said, ‘I do not condemn you, either. Go and from now on sin no more.’ (John 8:1-11)

TALMUD: Let no man be deterred from repenting by knowing the great depth of his sin. Let him bear in mind that he does not come to a stranger but to his Heavenly Father. (Deuteronomy Rabba 2)
GOSPEL: For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost. What do you think? If any man has a hundred sheep, and one of them has gone astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine on the mountains and go and search for the one that is straying? If it turns out that he finds it, truly I say to you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine which have not gone astray. So it is not the will of your Father who is in Heaven that one of these little ones perish. (Matthew 18:11-14)

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The Talmud in Classical Format

TALMUD: The Torah was to God, when He created the world, what the plan is to an architect when he erects a building. (Genesis Rabba 1)
GOSPEL: Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house. Yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock. But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash. (Matthew 7:24-28)

TALMUD: The proverb says, ‘If you give out your money in usury you will lose what you gain as well as your original capital.’ (Leviticus Rabba 3)
GOSPEL: For to everyone who has, more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but from the one who does not have, even what he does have shall be taken away. (Matthew 25:29)

TALMUD: Once a man, twice a child. – Genesis Rabba 42
GOSPEL: Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.’ ‘How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. ‘Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!’ (John 3:3-4)

TALMUD: The pure of heart are God’s friends. (Genesis Rabba 41)
GOSPEL: Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. (Matthew 5:8)

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Guide to a Page of Talmud

TALMUD: Artaban sent Rabbi Judah Hanasa as a present a pearl of great value, and when be asked the Rabbi a present of equal value in return, the sage sent him a parchment (Ephesian letters). Artaban thought it unworthy, since his own gift was of such priceless value. Rabbi Judah replied that not only was his present precious above all the possessions of both, but it had immeasurable advantage over the valuable pearl, as care must be taken of the pearl, whilst his amulet would take care of its possessor. (Genesis Rabba 35)
GOSPEL: Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before swine, or they will trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. (Matthew 7:6)

TALMUD: The human tongue is not free, like some other members of the human body, but is confined in the mouth, and moreover is constantly in moisture: yet how many burns can it cause with its sharp edge and its fire. How much worse then would it have been, were that dangerous member of the human body possessed of more facilities. (Leviticus Rabba 16)
GOSPEL: Whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment, and whosoever shall say to his brother, `worthless one,’ shall be in danger of the council, but whosoever shall say, `Thou fool,’ shall be in danger of hell-fire. (Matthew 5:22)

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TALMUD: Rabbi Tanchuma, son of R. Cheya, laid it down as a maxim that it is man’s duty, when he becomes aware of any one having come down in the world, to consider the best means of helping him as quickly as possible. He himself would never purchase anything for his household without, at the same time, providing an equal quantity for the poor. (Leviticus Rabba 34)
GOSPEL: And He sat down opposite the treasury, and began observing how the people were putting money into the treasury, and many rich people were putting in large sums. A poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which amount to a cent. Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, ‘Truly I say to you, this poor widow put in more than all the contributors to the treasury for they all put in out of their surplus, but she, out of her poverty, put in all she owned, all she had to live on.’ (Mark 12:41-44)

TALMUD: When the poor stand at your door, remember that their Maker stands at their right hand (Psalms 109), and consider it a high privilege for you to help them. (Leviticus Rabba 34)
GOSPEL: There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and lived in luxury every day. At his gate lay a beggar named Lazarus, covered with sores and longing to eat what fell from the rich man’s table. Even the dogs came and licked his sores. The time came when the beggar died and the angels carried him to Abraham’s side. The rich man also died and was buried. In Hades, where he was in torment, he looked up and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus by his side. So he called to him, ‘Father Abraham, have pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, because I am in agony in this fire.’ But Abraham replied, ‘Son, remember that in your lifetime you received your good things, while Lazarus received bad things, but now he is comforted here and you are in agony. And besides all this, between us and you a great chasm has been set in place, so that those who want to go from here to you cannot, nor can anyone cross over from there to us.’ (Luke 16:19-26)

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The Simpsons learn Talmud with Krusty the Klown’s Father

TALMUD: Broken things are not admired, but God is pleased with a broken spirit and contrite heart. (Leviticus Rabba 7)
GOSPEL: Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I (too) am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light. (Matthew 11:28-30)

TALMUD: All contention amongst the Israelites ceased when they stood at the foot of Sinai to receive the commandments, and owing to the peace and harmony that existed then amongst them they were fit and qualified to receive God’s behests. (Leviticus Rabba 9)
GOSPEL: James and John, the two sons of Zebedee, came up to Jesus, saying, ‘Teacher, we want You to do for us whatever we ask of You.’ And He said to them, ‘What do you want Me to do for you?’ They said to Him, “Grant that we may sit, one on Your right and one on Your left, in Your glory.’ But Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you are asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized?’ They said to Him, “We are able.” And Jesus said to them, ‘The cup that I drink you shall drink; and you shall be baptized with the baptism with which I am baptized. But to sit on My right or on My left, this is not Mine to give; but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.’ Hearing this, the ten began to feel indignant with James and John. Calling them to Himself, Jesus said to them, ‘You know that those who are recognized as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them; and their great men exercise authority over them. But it is not this way among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant. and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.’ (Mark 10: 35-45)

TALMUD: Once a man, twice a child. – Genesis Rabba 42
GOSPEL: At that time the disciples came to Jesus and said, ‘Who then is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?’ And He called a child to Himself and set him before them, and said, “Truly I say to you, unless you are converted and become like children, you will not enter the kingdom of Heaven. Whoever then humbles himself as this child, he is the greatest in the kingdom of Heaven. And whoever receives one such child in My name receives Me, but whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him to have a heavy millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depths of the sea.’ (Matthew 18:1-6)

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May the LORD God bless you in the name of the Maccabees.

The Good News Talmud, Part II.

The Good News Talmud, Part II.

 

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TALMUD: Two sheep and two tenth parts of flour were demanded as an offering, whereas of wine only the smallest possible quantity was to be offered. This was a hint that wine is always to be used sparingly, as indulgence in it leads to mischief. (Talmud, Tanchum. Sheminee)
GOSPEL: While they were eating, Jesus took some bread, and after a blessing, He broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, ‘Take, eat, this is My body.‘ And when He had taken a cup of wine and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.’ (Matthew 26:26-29)

TALMUD: Have no undue compassion for tyrants, and you will not become a tyrant over those who deserve compassion. (Tanchum. Metzora)
GOSPEL: ‘Show Me the coin used for the poll-tax.’…And He said to them, ‘Whose likeness and inscription is this?’ They said to Him, ‘Caesar‘s.’ Then He said to them, ‘Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar‘s; and to God the things that are God’s.’ And hearing this, they were amazed, and leaving Him, they went away. (Matthew 22:19-22, Mark 12:17, Luke 20:25)

TALMUD: (Jerusalem in) Palestine is destined to be the centre of the globe. (Tanchum. Kedoshim)
GOSPEL: Nevertheless I must journey on…for it cannot be that a prophet would perish outside of Jerusalem. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, just as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not have it! Behold…you will not see Me until the time comes when you say, ‘BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD!’ (Luke 13:33-35)

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TALMUD: God blessed Adam, Noah and Abraham, but He endowed Abraham with the power of blessing which the Lord will endorse. (Talmud, Tanchum. Nosou)
GOSPEL #1: Some men were carrying on a bed a man who was paralyzed; and they were trying to bring him in and to set him down in front of Him. But not finding any way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up on (T)the roof and let him down…with his stretcher…in front of Jesus. Seeing their faith, He said, “Friend, your sins are forgiven you.’ The scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, ‘Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?‘ But Jesus, aware of their reasonings, answered and said to them, “Why are you reasoning in your hearts? Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins have been forgiven you,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk?’ (Just) so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” He said to the paralyzed man,  ‘I say to you, get up, and pick up your stretcher and go home.’ Immediately he got up before them, and picked up what he had been lying on, and went home glorifying God. They were all struck with astonishment…saying, ‘We have seen remarkable things today.’ (Luke 5:18-26)
GOSPEL #2: For you will go on BEFORE THE LORD TO PREPARE HIS WAYS, To give to His people the knowledge of salvation by the forgiveness of their sins, because of the tender mercy of our God with which the Sunrise from on high will visit us. (Luke 1:76-78)

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The Joshua (Jesus) Talmud

TALMUD: God consulted the Torah when about to create man, but the Torah was dubious about calling man into existence, for since his days would be so short and his ways so perverted he would require much forbearance. God’s reply was, ‘By thee (Torah) I declare myself as a God merciful, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and in truth.’ (Talmud, Tanchum. Pekudai)
GOSPEL: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it. (John 1:1-5)

TALMUD: This much one should know, the phrase…’the world to come’ does not imply that it is a world yet to be called into existence; it exists already, but the phrase is employed to describe the life into which those who are in the present stage of existence will be transposed when they throw off this mortal coil. (Tanchum. Vayikra)
GOSPEL: Truly I tell you, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the kingdom of God. (Luke 9:27, Matthew 16:28, Mark 9:1)

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TALMUD: The leper, the blind, the abject poor, and those who have no progeny, are as though dead . (Talmud, Tanchum. Tsav)
GOSPEL:  Now as He approached the gate of the city, a dead man was being carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow…When the LORD saw her, He felt compassion for her, and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’ And He came up and touched the coffin; and the bearers came to a halt. And He said, ‘Young man, I say to you, arise!’ The dead man sat up and began to speak. And Jesus gave him back to his mother. Fear gripped them all, and they began glorifying God. (Luke 7:12-16)

TALMUD: The leper, the blind, the abject poor, and those who have no progeny,are as though dead . (Talmud, Tanchum. Tsav)
GOSPEL: ‘Your daughter is dead,” they said. “Why bother the teacher anymore?” Overhearing what they said, Jesus told him, ‘Don’t be afraid; just believe’…When they came to the home of the synagogue leader, Jesus saw a commotion, with people crying and wailing loudly. He went in and said to them, ‘Why all this commotion and wailing? The child is not dead but asleep.’ 40 But they laughed at him. After he put them all out, he took the child’s father and mother…and went in where the child was. 41 He took her by the hand and said to her, “Talitha koum!’… Immediately the girl stood up and began to walk around (she was twelve years old). At this they were completely astonished.  (Mark 5:35-42)

TALMUD: The leper, the blind, the abject poor, and those who have no progeny, are as though dead. (Talmud, Tanchum. Tsav)
GOSPEL: Jesus said to him, ‘Follow Me, and allow the dead to bury their own dead.’ (Matthew 8:22)

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TALMUD: In order not to cause jealousy as to who should be the seventy elders, Moses cast lots by taking seventy-two slips representing six of each tribe, writing the word ‘elder’ on seventy of the slips and leaving the two odd ones blank. Seventy-two men then drew out each of them a slip, and those who drew blanks had to give up their claims (Tanchum. Behaaloscha)
GOSPEL #1: After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go…The seventy-two returned with joy and said, “Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name.’ (Luke 10:1,17) in New International Version, Douay-Rheims 1899 American Version

GOSPEL #2: Now after this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them in pairs ahead of Him to every city and place where He Himself was going to come…The seventy returned with joy, saying, ‘Lord, even the demons are subject to us in Your name.’  (Luke 10:1,17) in New American Standard,  New King James or 21st Century King James Version

TALMUD The harp upon which the Levites played had seven strings. (Talmud, Tanchum. Behaaloscha)
GOSPEL:  And Jesus called His disciples to Him, and said, ‘I feel compassion for the people…and I do not want to send them away hungry, for they might faint on the way.’ The disciples said to Him, ‘Where would we get so many loaves in this desolate place to satisfy such a large crowd?’ And Jesus said to them, ‘How many loaves do you have?’ And they said, ‘Seven, and a few small fish.’ And He directed the people to sit down on the ground and He took the seven loaves and the fish; and giving thanks, He broke them and started giving them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the people. And they all ate and were satisfied, and they picked up what was left over of the broken pieces, seven large baskets full. And those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children. (Matthew 15:32-37)

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May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.

The Good News Talmud, Part I.

The Christian Talmud and the Jewish Gospels

I have been an amateur, Gentile Scholar of the Jewish Talmud for around ten or so years. I do not speak Yiddish, Aramaic, or Hebrew. Even so, and given everything I have learned so far without any Jewish input or instruction, I must conclude that the history of Gentile Christian animosity towards this astounding set of documents should be seen as a superstitious, unreasonable assault on common sense, let alone Biblical scholarship and practical judgment.

In reality, the Talmud is literally 99.999% acceptable to nearly all forms of Christian thought and reflects a sense of ethics and morality that is, in fact, far more strict than any form of Christianity. Those who still object to the .001% of the text which may, or may not, be offensive to Christianity, are lost in the land of irrationality and, God willing, someone will save them from themselves. Anyway, here is ABSOLUTE PROOF of an ancient, very real Judeo-Christian tradition embedded in both the Jewish Talmud and the Christian Gospel of Matthew. For those of you who have ever been mocked or ridiculed by either Jewish or Gentile intellectuals who insist that they has never been a Judeo-Christian tradition, here is your undeniable vindication.

TALMUD: Man has two hands, but he is not to rob with the one and give
donations with the other. (Talmud, Midrash Proverbs 11)
GOSPEL: When you give to the poor, do not let your left hand know what
your right hand is doing, so that your giving will be in secret; and
your Father who sees what is done in secret will reward you. (Matthew 6:3-4)

TALMUD: Swear not at all, not even to the truth. (Talmud, Tanchum, Vayikra)
GOSPEL: I tell you, Do not swear at all. (Matthew 5:34)

TALMUD: The pure of heart are God’s friends. (Talmud, Genesis Rabba 41)
GOSPEL: Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. (Matthew 5:8)

TALMUD: If you intend to put man to rights, put yourself to rights
first. (Talmud, Midrash Psalms 53)
GOSPEL: Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye,
but do not notice the log that is in your own eye?…You hypocrite,
first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly
to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. (Matthew 7:3-5)

TALMUD: Have no compunction to chastise where chastisement is called
for. It will produce not animosity, but eventually love and peace.
(Talmud, Genesis Rabba 54)
GOSPEL: Moreover if your brother should trespass against you, go and
tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he will hear you, you
have gained your brother. (Matthew 18:16)

TALMUD: God knows our thoughts before they are formed. (Talmud, Genesis Rabba 9)
GOSPEL: Your Father knows what you need before you ask Him. (Matthew 6:8)

TALMUD: The truth of the Torah is a weapon to its possessor. (Talmud, Numbers Rabba 12)
GOSPEL: Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth. I did
not come to bring peace, but a sword. (Matthew 10:34)

TALMUD: One of the characteristics of the righteous is that their yes
is yes, and their no is no. (Talmud, Midrash Ruth 7)
GOSPEL: Simply let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No’ be ‘No’,
anything beyond this comes from the evil one. (Matthew 5:37)

TALMUD: Man’s eyes and his heart prompt him to sin. (Talmud, Numbers Rabba 17)
GOSPEL: I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has
already committed adultery with her in his heart. (Matthew 5:28)

TALMUD: Adultery can be committed with the eyes. (Talmud, Leviticus Rabba 23)
GOSPEL: I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has
already committed adultery with her in his heart. (Matthew 5:28)

TALMUD: Immediately when a man is born he proceeds into death, when he
dies he proceeds into life. (Talmud, Midrash Samuel 23)
GOSPELS: He who has found his life will lose it, and he who has lost
his life for My sake will find it. (Matthew 10:39)

TALMUD: The Guardian Angels are always near God’s throne. (Talmud,
Tanchum, Sazrea)
GOSPELS: Take heed that you do not despise one of these little ones,
for I say unto you that in Heaven their angels do always behold the
face of my Father which is in Heaven. (Matthew 18:10)

TALMUD: God lends eloquence to the suppliant. (Talmud, Midrash
Proverbs 15)
GOSPEL: Do not worry about how or what you are to say, for it will be
given you in that hour what you are to say. For it is not you who
speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. (Matthew
10:19-20)

TALMUD: No one can imagine the reward of him who accepts all his
sorrows and reverses with religious resignation. (Talmud, Tanchum, Kee
Saizai)
GOSPEL: Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and
falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and
be glad, because great is your reward in heaven. (Matthew 5:11-12)

TALMUD: What Solomon meant to convey by the words, ‘What profit has a
man of all his labor which he does under the sun?’ (Ecclesiaste 1:2)
is that whatever a man may possess on earth, under the sun, he must
inevitably part with, but it is different if he provides for himself
above the sun, in Heaven. (Talmud, Midrash Ecclesiastes 1)
GOSPEL: A man came up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing
must I do to get eternal life?’…Jesus answered, ‘If you want to be
perfect, go, sell your possessions and give to the poor, and you will
have treasure in Heaven. Then come, follow me.’ (Matthew 19:16-21)

TALMUD: As the sea throws up its debris upon the shores, so the wicked
have filthiness upon their mouths. (Talmud, Midrash Psalms 2)
GOSPELS: Jesus asked them. ‘Don’t you see that whatever enters the
mouth goes into the stomach and then out of the body? But the things
that come out of the mouth come from the heart, and these make a man
unclean. For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery,
sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander.’ (Matthew
15:16-19)

TALMUD: When no justice is done here below, it will be accomplished
from above. (Talmud, Deuteronomy Rabba 5)
GOSPEL: But many who are first will be last, and many who are last
will be first. (Matthew 19:30)

TALMUD: Swear not at all, not even to the truth. (Talmud, Tanchum,
Vayikra)
GOSPEL: I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is
God’s throne; or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by
Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. And do not swear by
your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. (Matthew
5:34-36)

TALMUD: To do justice and righteousness is more acceptable to God than
sacrifices (Proverbs 21:3)…Sacrifices atoned only for sins committed
in error not for presumptuous sin, justice and righteousness atone for
all sins. (Talmud, Deuteronmy Rabba 5)
GOSPEL If only you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not
sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless. (Matthew 12:7)

TALMUD: Let no man boast of his exalted position. Even so great a man
as Samuel received a rebuke for his lack of modesty.
(Talmud, Midrash Samuel 12)
GOSPEL: Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child,
the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 18:4)

TALMUD: God will wipe away tears from off all faces (Isaiah 25:8).
This means from the faces of non-Jews as well as Jews.
(Talmud, Genesis Rabba 26)
GOSPEL: Behold, my servant whom I have chosen…I will put my Spirit
upon him, and he shall declare judgment to the Gentiles….And in his
name shall the Gentiles hope. (Matthew 12:18-21)

TALMUD: The leper, the blind, the abject poor, and those who have no
children are as though they are dead. (Talmud, Tanchum,Tsav)
GOSPEL: Another of the disciples said to Him, ‘Lord, permit me first
to go and bury my father.’ But Jesus said to him, ‘Follow Me, and
allow the dead to bury their own dead.’ (Matthew 8:21-22)

TALMUD: When no justice is done here below, it will be accomplished
from above. (Talmud, Deuteronomy Rabba 5)
GOSPEL: Many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be
first. (Matthew 19:30)

TALMUD: He who hears himself abused (or cursed) and does not retaliate
may be called a saintly man. (Talmud, Midrash Psalms 16)
GOSPEL: I tell you do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes
you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. (Matthew 5:38)

TALMUD: The proverb says, ‘If you give out your money in usury you
will lose what you gain as well as your original capital.’ (Talmud,
Leviticus Rabba 3)
GOSPEL: For whoever has, to him shall be given and he shall have
abundance: but whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that
which he has. (Matthew 13:12)

TALMUD: The righteous are put to more and severer trials than the
unrighteous. (Talmud, Tanchum,Vaayro)
GOSPEL: Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness,
for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 5:10)

TALMUD: When the prophets went forth on their mission the Holy Spirit
rested upon them, awed and surprised their audience, and inspired them
with respect for the prophets. (Talmud, Numbers Rabba 10)
GOSPEL: Jesus summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority
over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal every kind of
disease and every kind of sickness…These twelve Jesus sent out after
instructing them: ‘Do not go in the way of the Gentiles…but rather
go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel…Heal the sick, raise the
dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. Freely you received, freely
give.’ (Matthew 10:1-8)

These passages are proof positive that the Christian Gospels were definitively Jewish in origin, reflecting mainstream Jewish thought
and sentiment as seen during the lifetime of Joshua (Jesus Christ) that has continued, parallel with Christianity for thousands of years
since that time. May the LORD God bless you in the name of St. Judas Maccabaeus.

The Judeo-Christian, Part V. The Working-Class Hands of the LORD God

Fear God and keep His Commandments for this is the whole duty of man.

– Ecclesiastes 12:13


Part V. The Working-Class Hands of the LORD God

In many ways, modern man seems to have overlooked many obvious, yet vitally important parts of the Bible, most especially the very first one or two pages. Indeed, one of the strangest aspects to the beginning of the Book of Genesis is how the author Moses first discusses God, Elohim in Hebrew, who goes about creating the Heavens and the Earth and all the living plants and animals by using words alone, but then changes the subject entirely and suddenly introduces a completely different entity known as the LORD God, called Adonai in Hebrew. This particular Divine being finds Himself in the dark void that existed before Creation where the water is rising up from the depths of the Abyss, perhaps threateningly. Almost immediately, the LORD God creates His own version of a man from clay, dirt, and water, by using His hands, just like a working-class craftsman would do, and endows the little creature with an immortal soul, calling him Adam. He then places His new creation in a garden on Earth, called Eden, which He has carefully cultivated and organized, once again just like a working-class male working for a landscape company that gets His hands dirty for a living, rather than some uppity, elitist sorcerer who can create with mere words alone.

Reading Scriptures closely enough, one notices that, except for the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, the other plants and trees in the garden are not really His personal creation. Obviously, the LORD must have taken them from the surrounding wilderness that God had already created out of nothing using only the power of His words. Later, like a talented sculptor, the LORD God once again uses His hands to create different animals from the pre-existing water, dirt and clay and then has the man Adam name these new creations separately, like an expert Zoology professor teaching his young graduate student how to classify new species.

He’s got the whole world in His hands

Unlike God who, in the beginning, created life from just words and without hands, the LORD God apparently uses His hands quite often and with skilled craftsmanship. Also, like a professional surgeon and match-maker, the LORD goes on to carefully remove a rib bone from Adam, stitches up the wound, and then creates a female companion for him named Eve. Put bluntly, the LORD God may not be an omnipotent Creator like God, but He is obviously very skilled at using His Hands in a variety of ways.

When I’m out walking, I strut my stuff yeah I’m so strung out. I’m high
as a kite I just might stop to check you out. Let me go on like I blister in
the sun. Let me go on Big Hands I know you’re the one.

– Blister in the Sun, by the Violent Femmes

Throughout the centuries, some Biblical scholars, starting with the Gnostics, have come to some very strange conclusions about God, who created everything using only his voice, and the LORD God, who sculpted, tended garden, and performed medical surgery using His own two hands to perform these tasks. Because of these innate differences, some have apparently decided that the LORD God is an insane impostor god, a Devil, who is keeping us from discovering the higher, one, true God that created all life through His words in just six days. Nothing could be further from the truth.

Indeed, the LORD God’s talented use of His hands is similar to the way mankind differs from any of the other animals. Put specifically, it is man alone that has learned to use his or her hands to manipulate objects with increasing precision in order to create various types of useful, material inventions. Reading Genesis carefully, the LORD God’s hand-made designs truly indicate He has been a master-craftsman from the very beginning of creation and that, ever since Adam, mankind has been kept busy as His various apprentices and assistant journeymen along the way.

As it clearly states in Genesis, God, called Elohim, does indeed create man in His own image, but does not bother to give any of them names or help them to survive the wild and feed themselves. In stark contrast, the LORD God, known simply as Adonai, creates only one man, calls him Adam, and endows him with an immortal soul that survives biological death, taking care to give him healthy produce from the Garden so that he never goes hungry. Then, like a good father, the LORD becomes worried that His single male creation might be lonely and need a suitable partner, almost as if the LORD God had also known personally what it was like to day-dream and long for female companionship and heterosexual love.

As everyone knows, the LORD God specifically commands Adam and Eve not to eat from the two special trees in the middle of His garden called Eden. Unfortunately, the wicked serpent almost immediately seduces them both into disobedience and wicked behavior, causing the LORD to become enraged, much like a cautious master-craftsman who finds that His apprentice, along with his new girl, has just managed to ruin and destroy everything.

Using the fossil records left from past ages, scientists now believe that huge reptiles called dinosaurs were the first life-forms before any mammals, including man, came into existence. Remember that serpents are also reptiles which are directly related to the dinosaurs. With all that in mind, there seems to be a distinct possibility that highly-advanced reptile humanoids from the distant past managed to develop dinosaurs on earth, but eventually proved incapable of making them intelligent and self-aware- like the LORD God made man. The Jewish Babylonian Talmud states the following:

The higher the position the greater is the fall, and this applies to the
serpent, who, not only was the chief of all animals, but walked upright
like man, and when it fell it sank into the reptile world.

– Genesis Rabba 19

In contrast, the LORD God’s hand-crafted, warm-blooded, mammalian creation known as mankind eventually succeeded, as history as shown, just as the cold-blooded serpent’s feeble attempts at evolution, which only created extremely stupid dinosaurs, failed miserably.

 

Ten Commandments

In truth, man’s slow, but steady progress out of the Neanderthal caves of yesteryear is mainly due to the LORD God’s continued love and attention for His creation. Basically, the God who creates life by words alone is still the unknowable, the unthinkable, while the highly-skilled craftsman known as the LORD God, who creates immortal souls with his own two hands, has probably been the true source of our intellectual and societal advancement for thousands of years. Obviously, the LORD God of the Holy Bible is a male with hands and feet just like mankind and has probably been married to a female goddess sometime before, but is now alone and preoccupied with caring for the men and women of planet Earth. Indeed, it is the LORD God, the Father, endowed with a distinct, individual personality, who has been the hidden intelligence guiding Jews, Christians, and Muslims towards a glorious and beautiful future that still lies ahead.

 

A Special-Effects Photo depicting God’s Hands

May the LORD God bless you in the name of the Judeo-Christian tradition..

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